“We — and manure — shit.” More comprehensive features of the Soviet economy I have not had to meet

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"У нас — и навоз — говно". Более исчерпывающей характеристики советской экономики мне не приходилось встречатьAcademician Nikolay Prokofyevich Fedorenko, founder and Director of the Central economic and mathematical Institute, USSR, described in his memoir, “Remembering the past, looking ahead”: in the late 60-ies, when the country has not yet left the post-war euphoria, the word “space” agitated the minds of the young and the elderly, the past two wars, wanted to live up to communism, our Institute has prepared the forecast of development of the “national economy” of the USSR in the 70-80-ies.

Extensive calculations show that with the economy things are disturbing. Science said: a country’s growth rate will inevitably slow down and hope for communism in 1980, even with the corn, even without it, no.

The report was addressed to the Politburo and was prepared in triplicate.

However, it says Fedorenko, Chairman of the state planning Commission, after reviewing the contents of the report, refused even to talk about the fact that the material has been shipped. Over the institution under the threat of being accused of ideological heresy. And then the report burned him at the stake in Neskuchny garden, in order not to jeopardize the Institute…

…About ten years later, in 1975, I was in graduate school, and in the summer worked as a journalism, replacing head of the Department of physics and mathematics popular in those years the magazine “Science and life”. Three hundred and twenty rubles a month, not counting fees, most noticeably increased my post-graduate budget.

Once the Deputy chief editor of the magazine, Rada Nikitichna adzhubei (daughter of Khrushchev, wife of the editor of “Izvestia” Alexei Adzhubei, in which from 1959 to ‘ 64, the newspaper became a symbol of the “Khrushchev thaw” – NU), gave me an assignment: to go to the Committee on science and technology under the USSR Council of Ministers and to prepare, as it was then called, “compote” — a potpourri of small information materials — demonstrate the economic relations of the USSR with the developed Western countries. Approaching the famous Helsinki conference on security and cooperation in Europe, and the Soviet Union had a makeover for the upcoming event.

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In the SCST took me the then head of the Committee, academician Vladimir Kirillin. After hearing that I intend to do, he summoned one of the deputies of the head of Department of external relations and ordered to provide in my work office and all the necessary information. The room was and I went into reports, contracts, correspondence. The task was not easy. The Soviet Union bought in the West everything imaginable: new equipment and grain, shoes, clothes, TVs. But were put… Well, oil of course.

The material, of course, had to be balanced. And what’s the balance? — After several days of work there has been, however, good luck. Just at this time, the Soviet Union C France dvadtsatisemiletny press Ukrainian production, and the plant “Red proletarian”, famous for its machine tools with numerical control, sold a few pieces in the UK.

The material was developed. And then… And then I came across a document which could not fail to attract attention.

From this it followed that the Soviet Union, in addition to machines and televisions purchased in the Netherlands about 100 tons of manure a year! — One hundred thousand tons of manure are four-five large by the time the transport ships. Can you imagine a ship of twenty thousand tons displacement, something like the famous black sea “Admiral Nakhimov”, loaded to the brim with manure. Flavorful, perhaps, a spectacle.

During dinner in a good dining room overbearing, I summoned the courage, went to the already familiar to the officer and said, “I came here on a curious paper. Of course, the press won’t do it. And yet… the Soviet Union buys manure in the Netherlands. But why? — Do we have your manure is not enough?”

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My friend looked at me with some, how shall I say — was surprised, ğ he paused, and then said, as snapped: “Sergey Leonidovich, you see… we Have — and manure — shit”…

More comprehensive features of the Soviet economy I have not had to meet before or after. The validity of this formula I was convinced literally every confrontation with Soviet economic reality.

… Many years later, during perestroika, I told this story to one of the most prominent Russian agrochemical, Vice President of agricultural Sciences and Professor of Moscow state University Vasily Minaev. He revealed to me the secret of these supplies.

Because nuclear explosions in the atmosphere, which the USSR practiced on its territory until 1963, due to industrial pollution due to the use of DDT and dioxin-containing compounds, the vast territory of the Soviet Union was polluted beyond all measure and heavy metals, and radioactive isotopes such as strontium-90 with a half life of 29 years (Remember A. Galich: “you Say that “Capital” is very good strontium”?), and all the other rubbish and filth.

A significant portion of these substances, explained to me an academician, the “pumping away” from the soil by plants, and then concentrated in the manure and milk of animals feeding on these plants. If this manure to use as fertilizer, the concentration of harmful substances in fruits and root crops is still increasing and together with them and the cows milk gets to our table. Organic manure from the Netherlands arrived in farms producing agricultural products for high heads, which these same strontium, DDT and dioxin, unlike all the others, was completely useless.

I recently found out that purchasing organic manure from abroad, now, it seems, from Norway, is still…

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