Science marches forward.
Science stepped so far forward that the incredible becomes apparent. In their laboratories scientists manage to create something that had the power to make just mother nature.
Bacteria eating plastic
Researchers from Japan found bacteria that can eat plastic, but rather polyethylene terephthalate, which is one of the most common on Earth. They hope that these bacteria can be used to reduce plastic waste.
Blood stem cells
In 2017, scientists were able to grow stem cells needed for blood production. Because of this, they hope to be able to treat such diseases as leukemia, and that they will have enough blood for transfusion.
Usually the leather is produced from skins of cows. But the company Modern Meadow has developed a method of making the present of the skin without destruction of animals. They grow their own yeast strain, which produces collagen. This protein gives the skin strength and elasticity.
Japanese scientists say that the artificial ears can be grown to order and transplant to the person in the next five years. They recently grew a human ear on the back of a lab mouse.
Swedish scientists were able to grow a human trachea from stem cells. On top of that, they moved her to the cancer patient, whose tumor blocked the airway.
Harald Ott of the Massachusetts hospital was able to grow rat limb from a living cell. This achievement may go down in history as the first step to create real, biologically functional limbs for amputees.
Why do we have to grow mosquitoes, you say. But in this case in an American laboratory specially bred mosquitoes, which are intended to carry bacteria, harmful to other mosquitoes, which are vectors of zika virus and other dangerous diseases.
In 2013 a group of researchers from Exeter University (UK) made the bacteria E. coli (Escherichia coli) to produce diesel fuel. Such fuels should not be mixed with oil before you pour in the tank of the car.
Not only the skin grown in the laboratory but also other material for clothing too. A company called Biocouture began designing clothes made from special material, to get that you can use high capacity (e.g., EN), green tea, sugar and specific bacteria. After bio-clothes wear, it can be easily disposed of.
We are not talking about synthetic stone known as cubic Zirconia. You can’t imagine how many diamonds with the same chemical characteristics as natural diamonds, grown in labs. Many of them have already reached the shelves of well-known jewelry stores.
Since 2008 scientists have tried to obtain edible meat in the laboratory, and finally their efforts were crowned with success in 2013. Taking the stem cells of a cow, scientists grew 20,000 of them of muscular fibres, which were then extracted from their tubes and formed into a cutlet. It was used in the preparation of the Burger that ate at the tasting in London.
Researchers from Nanjing medical University in China were able to turn stem cells mouse sperm cells, giving hope for the treatment of male infertility.
Scientists have invented a method to grow corals in a test tube, collecting the sex cells produced by the various colonies of corals located near the island of Curacao. The achievements of scientists can prevent the disappearance of coral reefs.
Recently, scientists have started to grow tiny globules of human brain tissue. They have a diameter of about 4 mm. studying them, scientists hope to understand the nature of diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease.