If average global temperatures rise more than 2 degrees Celsius, fertile land will turn into desert, and drought and extreme weather events will cause mass starvation – the report of the intergovernmental group of experts on climate change.
In the IPCC special report “climate Change, desertification, land degradation, sustainable land management, food security and greenhouse gas fluxes in terrestrial ecosystems”, published yesterday, provides comprehensive and harsh assessment of the damage to our planet, and it is particularly emphasized, both in terms of climate change, unsustainable farming can transform land from an ally into an enemy, and offers realistic solutions to reduce and reverse these negative trends.
The report examines issues relating to the main areas of FAO’s work, including sustainable agriculture and food systems, food security and nutrition, adaptation to climate change and mitigating its impacts and preserving biodiversity; the FAO had made a substantial contribution to the drafting of the report, said “КазахЗерно.kz”.
“It’s disturbing report about how systematic soil degradation, deforestation, desertification, unsustainable agricultural practices and loss of biodiversity, converted land into a major source of carbon, creating an even more serious threat to our food security and the environment,” said Maria Helena Semedo, Deputy Director-General of FAO on climate and natural resources.
As noted FAO earlier, it is unthinkable that about one third of all food produced is in loss or waste, and that an estimated quarter to a third of all greenhouse gas emissions due to the fact how we use land and how we produce and consume food.
Concern to FAO and calls voiced in the report a warning that future climate change will increasingly affect food security due to reduced productivity of agricultural crops and livestock, especially in the tropics.
“At a time when the number of undernourished continues to grow, and, according to the global agricultural and economic models, climate change by 2050 it is expected 29 percent rise in grain prices, the FAO hopes the report will force the world community to intensify action on adaptation to climate change and reduce its impact,” he added, Semedo.
FAO believes that the agricultural sector’s great potential that will allow you to store huge amounts of carbon in soils, forests and oceans and become more of a solution than a problem in the fight against climate change.