11 incredible archaeological finds.
Although 2018 is long past and we have even got used to the new 2019-mu and move forward, it’s never too late to reminisce about the past and about the amazing things that happened. In 2018, has made many important discoveries, we will tell you about the 11 incredible archaeological discoveries that may change our understanding of human history forever.
At the bottom of the Black sea have discovered an ancient ship
Scientists believe that the Greek trading ship about 2400 years, which means that it is the oldest of the found ships known to man. He was found near the coast of Bulgaria the research team of the black sea project Maritime archaeology. Because at the depth of 2000 meters is not enough oxygen, the ship is remarkably preserved, allowing scientists to study it and learn more about the ancient world.
Scientists have reached the last unexplored parts of Pompeii
Over many years of studying the ancient city of Pompeii, one third of the area was still intact, but in 2018 it has changed. The excavation area was in danger because of the ash and hardened pieces of lava of the unexplored area that threatened to crash down on artifacts. Then archaeologists with special zeal began to dig up the last unspoilt area. There they found a series of preserved frescoes and the room built as a temple for the deities, the lares, who were guardians of home and family in Roman culture.
People started to bake bread before the advent of agriculture
It turns out that 14 400 years ago, 4 thousand years before the emergence of crops, people have been trying to find the perfect bread recipe. Researchers from the University of Copenhagen found a small Parking lot of ancient people belonging to Naturism culture. There were found the remains, very similar to bread. It turned out that natufian was a furnace and what scientists have found in them, became the evidence that they gathered grains and tubers to make flour for bread.
It is believed that these were the remains of no ordinary bread, but rather the food, which is cooked on special occasions. Moreover, scientists from Stanford University have found evidence proving that naturity brewed beer 13 000 years ago. These findings suggest that our ancestors were bakers and beer was brewed long before the advent of agriculture.
Ancient Egyptian funeral homes
German and Egyptian archaeologists have discovered an ancient funeral homes in Egypt. Initially, scientists stumbled upon a rectangular building, which took over the workshop, since there were ceramic vessels with oils and substances used in mummification. Outdoor courtyard workshop led by 30-metre-long tunnel, which ended the burial chambers with dozens of mummies.
One of the main finds in the burial chambers was the sarcophagus of a woman named Talyor. The sarcophagus was surrounded by a protective sculptures, on which was written her name. Mummy woman wore a silver mask on her face, which, according to historians, carries deep religious meaning, because the ancient Egyptians believed that the bones of the gods composed of gold and silver. So mask Tadiar marked the beginning of the transformation into a goddess after her death.
The plague killed long before the middle Ages
We all know about the terrible scourge – a plague, which claimed the lives of over 50 million people in Europe in the XIV century. The plague is still considered one of the most deadly and devastating diseases in the history of mankind. Recently, archaeologists discovered the skeletons which were buried 3,800 years before our era, the bacteria Yersinia pestis or Yersinia pestis.
This finding suggests that bacteria already existed in the Bronze age. This means that there was an earlier outbreak than the middle Ages, and it influenced the migration of people across Europe and Asia.
The most ancient traces of man
Traces were found on the island of Calvert, Canada, in March. The trail is about 13 thousand years and they belonged to three people – the child and possibly two adults. Today, they are preserved due to the fact that people first stepped on wet clay which then filled with sand.
The most ancient drawing of a man
In a cave in South Africa scientists found a rock with red lines drawn by man. The age of the finds about 73 thousand years, making figure oldest evidence of creative thinking person. The figure represents intersecting lines, made by red ochre.
The oldest image of a human body part
In Switzerland treasure hunters found a bronze hand using a metal detector and gave it to the archaeological service. First, experts were not sure that the find is historic. But now Swiss scientists say with confidence that the artifact belongs to the middle Bronze age. The fact that metal objects of the time were extremely rare, and gold is discovered on the hand, have never been found on objects in burials belonging to the Bronze age. So this piece of sculpture truly unique.
Our ancestors started drinking beer a lot earlier than we thought
Excavations in Israel have discovered the remains of beer – it made the funeral more than 13 thousand years ago, making it the oldest alcohol in the world. Scientists have found a brewery on the site of the graves of natufian.
A huge black sarcophagus
The discovery of the sarcophagus produced a bombshell in the media in 2018. It was discovered in Egypt and was distinguished by his enormous size. When archaeologists opened it, they found the remains of three people floating in a strange reddish liquid. The mummy belonged to a woman of 20-25 years and two men, 30-40 years. The sarcophagus until that moment remained intact, so many wondered how I got there liquid. Now scholars believe that the sewage water has seeped into the cracked surface of the burial.
The sarcophagus is considered the largest among those ever found in Alexandria.
The ramp for the construction of the pyramids
Archaeologists have discovered an ancient design in the age of 4,500 years, which could answer the question, how was it constructed, for example, the great pyramid of Giza. The researchers were able to find a system of ramps used to raise the alabaster rocks up a steep slope.