One of the most interesting attractions of India.
Chittorgarh is a small town in the North-West of India Rajasthan, famous for its massive ancient Fort perched on the crest of a high hill on the left Bank of the river Berach. It rises sharply above the surrounding plains to a height of 180 metres and covers 280 hectares of land. The old building has the status of the largest Fort in India and, of course, considered the greatest fortress of Rajasthan state. Still, the Majesty and the splendor, despite the considerable destruction, stretched through the centuries and preserved in the walls of the fortress, presenting a beautiful and mysterious picture. Today the ancient Fort is one of the main attractions of India.
Date of construction of the Chittorgarh refers to the VIII century. In 734, the year the mighty ruler of Mewar dynasty of Sisodia kind, FALS Rawal, decided to protect the then capital of Rajasthan from the enemies and at the same time to make a gift to his beloved daughter. The walls of the Fort have known a large number of unfortunate events – sieges, robberies, seizures. Three battles left their most dramatic prints on the body of the fortress, in 1303, 1535 and 1567.
The siege in 1303 headed the Delhi Sultan Ala ad-DIN Muhammad Shah, who in addition to the fortress itself wanted to take in his harem consort who ruled in those days, Rawal RATAN Singh’s Queen, Rani Padmini. In a fierce battle at the outer gates of the Fort fell ruler, followed by his soldiers. When the enemy came close to Chittorgarh, instead of surrender to the Sultan, all living in the fortress ladies, headed by Rani Padmini preferred to die through a tragic ritual of self-immolation, Jawhar, jumping into a huge bonfire. Furious Ala ad-DIN wished for revenge and gave the order to kill 30 thousand Hindus. Fort Sultan gave to his son khizr Khan.
In 1535 the fortress of Chittorgarh siege of Sultan Bahadur Shah, resulting in the 13000 living in the Forte of women and children committed ritual self-immolation, and 3200 men went into battle outside the castle, where he fought and died a hero’s death.
In 1567-1568. there was the most dramatic siege in the history of Chittorgarh Fort is a monumental structure in Rajasthan was destroyed by Sultan Akbar I. Numerous army of the Mughal Empire for several months had held the Fort in the impenetrable encirclement, constantly swiping attack. When staying inside the building the residents are on the defensive and resigned to inevitable defeat, many women have committed Jawhar, and the men opened the gates and entered the last battle. It is estimated that a bloody battle killed about 30 thousand people. Then the Fort was dramatically sacked and abandoned, with the result that the object came to a complete desolation, and the capital of the state of Rajasthan moved to the city of Udaipur.
Such a tragic fate of the fortress of Chittorgarh and fearless people made him the embodiment of heroism, valor and courage that made this place special charm in the eyes of tourists. Powerful attraction to walls with a length of 13 kilometers keeps on its territory some 65 historic buildings, among them 4 Palace complex, 19 main temples, 4 monument etc.
Bathed in the warm Indian sun the walls of temples decorated with silhouettes of women, with bas-reliefs of sacred animals and Rajput warriors. Amaze with the greatness of the seven most powerful gate will not leave indifferent the ancient arches, altars, chapels, towers, numerous wells and reservoirs.
Individual attention, decorated with carvings and bas-reliefs of the towers Kirti Stambh (Column of glory) and a great Stambh Vijay (victory Column), a height of about 40 meters. On the latter, especially beautiful, you can climb the steep stairs of the 157 narrow steps and admire the beauty of the entire city.
The most ancient and Grand Palace complex – the Palace of Rana Kumbha. Within its walls was born Maharan Udai Singh, founder of Udaipur city. With his birth, relates the story, tells of a faithful maid Panna Dhay that saved the little Prince from enemies, replacing it on his own son.
The future ruler she hid in the fruit basket and took to a safe place. So her son died at the hands of enemies, and Maharan Uday Singh alive to do something great.
The Palace was home to poetess Rani of the World and was the place in the basement which made a funeral pyre for the ritual Jawhar Rani Padmini. Interesting to see the Palace of the Queen, surrounded by the waters of the pond.
In its heyday, the Fort had about 84 artificial reservoirs, of which up to the present day survived only 22. A variety of ponds, wells and wells in total to save four billion litres of water that can meet the needs of the army, consisting of 50 thousand soldiers. At the foot of each covered reservoir is placed an image of Buddha, which, according to the beliefs of local residents, stores in the Chittorgarh peace and quiet.
Today the castle is inhabited by poor villagers, leading, as many centuries ago, measured, full of labor life. Among the ruins of Chittorgarh can often be found grazing cows and sheep, here, busy with chores on the farm local women – they slowly descend to the ancient stores of water for washing clothes or heading into the Bush for firewood.
The Fort became home to a large number of monkeys, who literally occupied the temples and joyfully greeted near them strolling tourists.
The most vivid impressions from a visit to Chittorgarh will leave the views of the Fort during sunset is a luxury ancient castles, towers, temples, gates, intricate reliefs and carvings plunge into a deep fiery light, is quiet and mysterious atmosphere.
The beauty of these places inspired the creation of new masterpieces of many artists, poets and writers.
Annually, the Fort of the descendants of the Rajputs organize a festival Jawhar Chalk – bright celebration, timed to the anniversary of one of the tragic self-immolations. The holiday serves as a reminder of the heroism and courage possessed by their ancestors.