The composition of the minimum set of products on the basis of which in Russia counting the cost of living, contrary to the recommendations of the Ministry of health. “Cart for the poor” our officials is filled with bread and potatoes at the expense of vegetables, fruits and dairy products. Such manipulation is done for the sake of saving budget. Because of the size of a living wage directly dependent on the cost of pensions and benefits the poorest.
Daily ration for one person in average in the world weighs 1860 grams. 9% of it consists of meat, 22% from cereals, 39% from vegetables and fruits, 15% from dairy products and eggs, 15% of sugars, fats, alcohol and beans. Such data are the American online publication BuzzFeed. Individual statistics of fish is not given. In different countries, depending on climate, well-being and national characteristics, the proportions vary. The most notable differences relate to the consumption of vegetables and fruits. In the United States on fruits and vegetables, 28% in Brazil and 30% in the UK and India 33%, China – 56% of the daily diet.
Against this background, the Russians significantly malnourished and vegetables and fruits. As of 2014, the daily diet of the Russians and vegetables accounted for only 21.5%, according to Rosstat. Slightly better than the figure obtained through sample surveys of households. In this case, the share of vegetables and fruits in the daily diet of Russians reaches 23%.
But as it turns out, based on established government standards, Russians should not look for fruits and vegetables.
So, to calculate the subsistence minimum in the Russian Federation using the minimum set of food products indicating the annual consumption. The set of all consumption standards was approved by the government in 2013. He suggests that the daily diet of the working-age Russians, the share of fruit and vegetables excluding potatoes is 21%.
Of course, if we add to this the potatoes, then the proportion of plant foods will be already more than a third of the daily diet. However, this approach is not quite correct. In particular, the world health organization (who) calls in the calculation of norms of consumption do not mix fruits and vegetables with potatoes and other starchy root vegetables.
In fairness, it should be clarified that the Russian minimal set of fruits and vegetables fit in the who guidelines, which prescribe that people should eat at least 400 g of fruit and vegetables a day.” So, in the minimum package stipulates that able-bodied Russians have to eat a year 114,6 kg of vegetables and melons, as well as 60 kg of fruit. The day received a total of almost 480 g
Social kinds of bread constitute the staple of low-income citizens of the Russian Federation. Photo Reuters
But it is worth considering that the who guidelines as the minimum below which it is undesirable to fall. Moreover, the Russian Ministry of health in mid-August published updated recommendations private consumption, which suggest that the Russians should eat much more vegetables and fruit. As follows from the recommendations of the Ministry of health, vegetables and fruits should make up 27% of the daily ration is 658 grams per day, which roughly corresponds to the average world consumption. Every year, each citizen should consume, according to the Ministry of health, 140 kg of vegetables and melons, as well as 100 kg of fruit.
An interesting situation with the meat. A living wage assumes that able-bodied Russian eats only to 58.6 kg of meat and meat products per year. Apparently, the lack of protein is expected to be offset bread products and cereals – because of these products able-bodied citizen should consume, according to the norms of the subsistence minimum of 126.5 kg per year. Recommendations of the Ministry of health completely different: meat products need to eat 73 kg per year, and of bread and cereals is 96 kg a year. For comparison: according to the Organization for economic cooperation and development (OECD), citizens of Australia, USA, Argentina eat an average of about 90 kg of meat, and the Europeans – approximately 65 kg of meat per year. Less likely to consume meat in India – slightly more than 3 kg per year per person.
Even more noticeable the discrepancy between the subsistence minimum, the Ministry of health recommendations for dairy products. A living wage assumes that able-bodied Russian eats in a year 290 kg of milk and dairy products, although the updated recommendation of the Ministry of health – 325 kg per year.
Note that the recommendations of Department Veronika Skvortsova, many experts criticize. Some experts called the updated standards of the Ministry of health too rich in calories. So, the cardiologist Alex Erlikh estimated that the caloric intake recommended by the Ministry of health, is about 2600 kcal per day. “It’s very much! After all, the average Russian at the age of 40 years should get in a day is about 2000-2200 calories. And this despite the fact that it 2-3 times a week there are additional loads,” writes the doctor in his blog on “echo of Moscow”.
But at the same time Ehrlich notes that the norms of the Ministry of health for the consumption of vegetables, fruits and fish fit into the recommendations of the European society of cardiology – and that’s a plus. Only meat and salt, the Ministry of health recommends eating more than is usually recommended. Particularly strong cardiologist was surprised at the recommendation of salt – they are “two times more valid”.
Interviewed experts believe that the cost of living in the country is underestimated no accident. “It helps to show good statistics on poverty, and keep at a low level of public sector wages and various social payments (pensions, subsidies, etc.), because technically, people do not get less than the subsistence minimum”, – says the analyst of “ALOR Broker” Kirill Yakovenko.
“A living wage is not indexed in a timely manner and the prices in the stores, the data is taken correctly and Otradnaya – continues the analyst of the company “solid Management” Sergey Zvenigorodsky. – Initially, the cost of living was needed not only for calculations but also to calm the population in the 90s years – they say that more can live. Now the orientation for the modest cost of living more like a manipulation than an actual indicator of quality of life.”
Recall that in the first quarter of 2016, the subsistence minimum for able-bodied population was, according to Rosstat, about 10.5 thousand rubles, for pensioners – a little more than 8 thousand rubles, for children – nearly 9.7 thousand RUB over Minimum wage (minimum wage) – about 6.2 thousand rubles. per month. Authorities have promised to gradually increase the minimum wage to a living wage. Incomes below the minimum subsistence level in the first quarter of 2016 received 22.7 million people, this is 15,7% of the Russian population.