The scientists said, what will happen to the world if the bees disappear

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Ученые рассказали, что произойдет с миром, если исчезнут пчелыLand overtaken irreversible consequences, if these insects will “drop out” of the ecosystem.

Save the bees! Worldwide campaigns in support of these small furry and invisible workers. Threats, warning the disappearance of the bees, are becoming more and more frequent. You are not even aware how big the impact bees have on our world, particularly agriculture and associated business. Here is a list of ten items, hand-picked Sydney Sauer, which may disappear with the bees.

The world food supply

We all know that bees are an important part of the process of pollination and agriculture, but few people think about the degree of importance. Today, worldwide, there are 100 major varieties of crops, which together account for 90% of the food of man. Apples, bananas, avocados, corn. Bees are the primary agents of pollination, 70% of these crops. About 63% of our food depends on bees.

Although there are many other pollinators, their impact is insignificant compared to bees. Bats, for example the contribution of pollinators, but prefer plants with dull colors. These boring crops such as agave, guava, figs, represent a much smaller percentage share of the global food market, and they will not be sufficient to support seven billion people — if we EN masse don’t move on to the Fijian pudding.

The coffee industry

In addition to different fruits and vegetables, bees are the main pollinators of coffee. So without bees the supply of coffee in our world would be reduced and the industry would have lost their profitability. At first glance, this seems counterintuitive: caffeine is not among the “needs” of man, and the end of coffee should not mean the end of humanity. But an amazing amount of industry our world is on the production and sales of coffee.

Only in one 2016, Starbucks has collected $ 21.3 billion in gross profit. As of September 2017 in the chain had 245 000 employees. Coffee also remains an important product in Latin America, particularly in Guatemala where most of the population tied to the coffee industry. Without bees a multinational coffee Empire collapses and will leave hundreds of thousands of people without work around the world.

Halloween with pumpkins and pumpkin porridge

Bees and bumblebees are main pollinators of pumpkins. Unlike ordinary harvest, pumpkins often grow in small villages in small gardens. Annually farmers produce about half a billion pounds of pumpkins.

Given the variety of crops that are usually grown by the farmers, the loss of the pumpkins will be heavy, but recoverable blow to their economy. However, for the industry of Halloween, in which 170 million consumers spend about $ 850 million every year on cutting heads of pumpkins, the pumpkin shortage will be a severe blow. Seasonal business on Halloween will disappear, and fans of sweet and cheap pumpkin porridge will be very upset.

Textile industry

Cotton is one of the most popular materials for cloth currently. Historically, cotton has become the most popular blooming on American soil, and much of the history of the country was a direct result of the influence of this plant. Today, 60% women and 75% men’s clothing contains cotton. More than half of all clothing is made from cotton materials.

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As you may have guessed, bees pollinate a large part of the cotton. Without bees, this stuff will disappear, and with it the jeans and t-shirts. Although in the developed world, this inconvenience is, in principle, could survive on the underdeveloped parts of the world where the cotton fabric helps to keep the temperature cool under the hot sun and protect the skin, it will affect a lot stronger.

Nut industry

Honey bees are necessary for growing many types of nuts including almonds and cashews, and many others. The world’s largest company for the sale of almonds — which accounts for 80% of the global market underscores the importance of bees for pollination of their crops. In fact the demand for bees is so high that the almond industry in the US owns half of the population of all bees.

Cashews are another popular form of nuts who can’t live without bees. In Africa cashew grown with the pollination of bees, give two times more yield than artificially pollinated nuts. Thanks to the bee family farm in these areas double their wages and get an extra income on the side by selling honey and bees wax. If the bees disappeared, not only the world production of nuts would be reduced, but many microbusinesses in the developing areas would cease to exist.

The biofuel industry

A promising trend in the field of renewable energy sources is biofuel. It serves as a gas, but unlike him, is not pumped from the bowels, and is produced from various plants, processed for ethanol. This new technology has the potential to revolutionize the fuel industry and create a more stable means of energy transport. Many companies, especially in Canada, prefer this kind of energy.

Biofuels usually involves the ingredients pollinated by bees. For example, canola. Fuel on the basis of a canola resistant to cold and has anti-corrosion properties, making it an ideal choice compared to other options. But, of course, canola oil cannot be produced without bees, which pollinate the plant and keep it alive. If you die bees, die, and the present biofuel industry is filled with not only jobs, but also with renewable solutions to the world’s biggest problems.

Transportation

Think about the cargo, fruits and vegetables are the last thing that comes to mind. In reality, however, they require many trucks and drivers who deliver them around the country fresh and intact.

How is it related to bees? If you die, the bees will disappear 70% of the most popular food. This will not only lead to hunger, but also to the collapse of the field of transportation. Trucks will transfer 70% less fruit and vegetables, which will result in serious upheavals in the economic market.

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Meat industry

In order to successfully raise cattle for slaughter, you need four things: feed, grain, oilseed and bran. Grass, corn and wheat soopysue wind, so they will remain without our friends the pollinators. Bran can be made from anything, it will be enough just to add nutrients. But oilseeds we get only pollinated by bees of plants like canola and sunflowers.

Great importance for the meat industry is the fact that without these oilseeds cattle cannot gain the optimum weight and size. Oilseed crops — the main source of protein for cows, by which they become large and tasty. Without them, cows will suffer from heart problems, will wither, will not multiply and eat dirt. Without a strong population of bees, which will pollinate these are important for livestock nutrients will be reduced not only our fruit and vegetable stock, but meat.

The world economy

The economy of a single country is not the only economic system that will suffer from the disappearance of bees. Other parts of the world equally or even more dependent on bees. In many parts of Latin America selling bananas supports the economy, for example. These countries annually export nearly 13 million tons of bananas compared to 2 million tons from Asia and 600,000 tons from Africa.

Asia’s main agricultural products are cotton, oil seeds and various fruits. They account for almost 4% of China’s GDP. The African economy also thrives on the unique types of fruits and vegetables, and agricultural products in the production of oils.

As you know, all these crops are pollinated by bees and will die when the bees leave. Only honey bees provide crop at $ 15 billion worldwide annually, and together with other species of bees, that number comes to $ 30 billion of annual revenue. The loss of these pollinators will have catastrophic consequences for the world economy and international trade, will generate a series of diverse crises that will affect every part of the world.

The human race

All these large-scale negative consequences led to the fact that some scientists and engineers have come to the conclusion that people can’t live without bees. Many others remain skeptical about this theory, arguing that the disappearance of bees does not become a catastrophic event for the people, but will cause economic hardship and possibly famine.

But a large group of other scientists says that the disappearance of bees and humans go hand in hand. While people continue to destroy the habitat of the hairy insects. At the annual conference of an Earthwatch scientists voted that bees are the most valuable species on our planet, ahead mushrooms, plankton, bats and even primates. Without bees the world would be completely different, and not for the better.

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