The presidential Council on human rights (HRC) has prepared a number of amendments specifying rules in the anti-extremist legislation in the religious sphere. About it write “news”.
Issues note prepared by the defenders, will be presented on 16 October at a joint meeting of the committees of the HRC and of the presidential Council on interaction with religious associations.
The HRC believe that it is necessary to give a clear definition of “extremist activity” and to fix a clear interpretation of the rules of missionary work. The reason for the necessity of improving the legislation was the so-called “Spring package–Ozerov”. In 2016, the Deputy speaker of the state Duma Irina Yarovaya, as well as a number of deputies and senators introduced amendments to the legislation toughening punishment for terrorism and extremism. In particular, they touched upon the rules governing religious activity.
“These standards offer significant scope for excessive, unreasonable and often unconstitutional restrictions on the rights and freedoms of citizens, including restrictions on the freedom of conscience”, — stated in the document prepared for the meeting of the Council.
As according to its authors, that the realization of fundamental human rights, including on a non-discriminatory attitude to religion, regularly at risk. We are talking about the Federal law “On countering extremist activities”, where its definition, according to the HRC, is not specific enough. “In relation to freedom of conscience, this ambiguity is particularly striking,” reads the document.
Also too wide, according to the HRC, the police interpret such terms the 282-th article of the criminal code, as “the humiliation of human dignity” and “inciting hatred and enmity” depending on the relationship of citizens to religion.
“The campaign bans have spawned a absolutely dysfunctional Federal list of extremist materials, has exceeded 4.4 thousand points. It includes many religious texts, including explicitly prohibited without proper grounds, among them even the medieval Muslim treatises”, — emphasized in the HRC.
The note human rights defenders noted that the examination of texts today, experts are far from scientific religion — for example, a teacher of mathematics, Natalia Kryukova. To solve this problem, according to the authors of the amendments may create a self-regulatory organization that would be certified for religious studies on the basis of education, experience and experience, academic degree and the availability of publications.
HRC proposes to revise the interpretation of the norms of the missionary work of the law “On freedom of conscience and religious associations”. Law enforcement officers see its presence in virtually every religious activity of citizens, which is massively involved in administrative responsibility.
As an example, the Council cite the case of a student from Zimbabwe Kudzai Nyaribo, which fined and deported from Russia for the repost in the social networks of a concert of gospel music. Ostensibly so she did missionary work in the religious organizations the Association of churches of Christians of Evangelical faith “Jesus Embassy” in Nizhny Novgorod region.
Also in the HRC is considered necessary to adjust a number of other provisions of the law “On freedom of conscience and on religious associations”. In particular, to clarify the order of the full name of a religious organization, which today is not registered. You also need to clarify whether religious organizations to hold services in a residential installation. Now they are involved in the misuse of the land.
In order to prevent excesses, the HRC recommended to create an Advisory Board under the Ministry of science and higher education on issues of spiritual educational institutions. Will not be superfluous, according to human rights activists, if the Rosobrnadzor in conducting inspections will begin to attract as experts representatives of the respective religious denominations.