Carefully concealed them.
Dungeons always mysterious, whether it is caves, karst fissures, the crater of the sleeping volcanoes or man-made holes under the granite slabs, basalt cliffs and thousands of tons of concrete. People lived in caves since time immemorial, and in the atomic age created a mass man-made dungeons – not just to live and survive.
Underground bunkers can be called one of the most unique structures in the world. But to build a bunker half the battle: we must do it secretly. The task is very difficult, given the scale and engineering complexity. Having built it, the secret must be preserved. Not all bins are known, some completely abandoned and hidden from view by nature and others and kept even more secret.
The bunker in Samara
Stalin’s bunker on the Volga deepest building during the Second world war. Kuibyshev, what was the name of Samara, was a backup capital in case of capture of Moscow – there were evacuated by the Soviet government, the party apparatus and foreign missions. Stalin throughout the war remained in Moscow – where he, too, had plenty of bunkers. Samara facility is built under a granite slab and is a reduced copy of the Moscow metro station “Airport”. It lies at a depth of 37 meters (depth of the Berlin Hitler’s bunker was 16 meters, and the war Cabinet of Winston Churchill in London was located essentially in the basement of the administrative building). Stalin’s bunker is not only protected but also very comfortable main office and a relaxation room Generalissimo is almost the same as in the Kremlin.
Taganka is a nondescript two-storey mansion. On the ground floor has no Windows, the house was built to hide concrete dome with a thickness of six metres, closing the mine, leaving a depth of 60 meters. There, at the level of the ring line of the subway are four tunnels, connected by transitions. Is the alternate command center of long-range aviation.
Now it is a Museum of the cold war. It is accessible down the stairs from 310 degrees with a countdown of the floors, admiring sheathed with steel plates corridors with massive sealed doors. At the end of a fascinating tour of the lights go out, the smoke appears, turn on the red emergency lighting, and intercom to announce that the capital suffered a nuclear attack.
Underground city in Yamantau
Mount Yamantau, which lately, there’s been a lot of fantastic rumors, is the highest in the southern Urals; however, the Ural mountains itself is very low. In the West, believe that turning a mountain into a giant underground ant farm began in the period of late stagnation. The Russian military did not comment. To Yamantau construction of a railroad, the top of the mountain is heavily guarded. The main purpose of the object – whether a secret military plant, or replacement of the residence of the President and the government, and perhaps an ammunition dump. Anyway, because of the remoteness of the mountain border provides additional security.
Storage of warheads
Underground not only to hide in case of big trouble, but also store a lot of useful things. For example, in the midst of the Cold war, the Soviet Union, in violation of all international treaties prohibiting the stationing of nuclear weapons outside of it, created in a very picturesque area of Czechoslovakia, one of the locations of the warheads. This gave a huge advantage in case of war in the European theater of action, but if the secret became a reality, and without that faulty reputation of the Soviet Union would be dealt a devastating blow. In the Arsenal did not allow for the Czechoslovak military. Soviet commanders were lucky: the object was only declassified in the nineties.
Under the ground you can even store something that floats. One of the most grandiose structures of the Cold war – the shelter of submarines in Balaklava. Mountain Tavros, in the depths of which it is located, consists of a very durable marble-like limestone, and the thickness of the rocks beneath tunnels and channels of more than 100 meters. The object is of the first category anti-nuclear stability – he is not afraid a direct hit the bomb with a yield of 100 kilotons.