The causes and symptoms of blood clots in vessels

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Названы причины и симптомы появления тромбов в сосудахThe main symptoms of blood clots

Blood clots are a problem that can be cured, but a third of those who are diagnosed “thrombosis”, are at risk with a fatal outcome.

Why get a blood clot? So our body tries to “repair” the damaged blood vessels. However, improperly formed blood clot can cause a lot of problems. For example, if the clot was not in the place where you need, it may prevent blood circulation, which will cause serious health problems.

Often the problem with clots is that people don’t understand the manifested symptoms, and this leads to late detection of disease. Also few people understand what factors lead to the emergence of blood clots.

Causes of blood clots

The clots lead to health problems, chosen lifestyle and various States. This includes:

– state of the heart: atrial fibrillation, heart rhythm disturbances;
– pregnancy and the first six weeks after birth of the child;
– the use of contraceptives containing estrogen;
– hormone replacement therapy containing estrogen;
– long standstill: flights for long distances, sitting with her legs crossed;
– major surgery, especially orthopedic plaster and splint when the patient is immobilized for a long time;
– bone fracture or serious muscle damage;
– trombone violations;
cancer and its treatment;
– obesity.

Symptoms of blood clots

When blood clots are formed in one of the deep veins, there is a deep vein thrombosis of the lower limbs (DVT) of the arms or legs. Are formed when plaque, the area in this place swells up and becomes soft and the pain is like a spasm or cramp.

In the place where there is a thrombosis, skin changes color and becomes reddish or bluish, and warm to the touch. If you have any of these symptoms, you should immediately contact your doctor because treatment may be needed urgently.

Symptoms of pulmonary embolism

DVT very important to diagnose at the early stages, because the clot can damage the vein, to break away and move into the lungs. Symptoms may be sudden shortness of breath, sharp chest pain, increased heart rate, inexplicable cough, sometimes with separated blood.

When these symptoms it is better to call an ambulance.

Diagnosis

Usually to identify the location of clots in the body ultrasound is used. If the ultrasound did not reveal where the blood clot, and the symptoms of thrombosis are not for diagnosis can be used the MRI. There is also analysis of D-dimer, in which the blood revealed the process of formation of blood clots.

Treatment

Depending on the location and causes of blood clots prescribes the treatment, which can reach up to surgical intervention to remove them from the body. Also clots treat anticoagulant drugs that thin the blood. Or apply an integrated approach.

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