The ancient Celts loved beer and honey


Scientists selected for the study 99 shards from the Museum.

To such conclusion came the archaeologists, who have studied the pottery shards from the archaeological site of VIX in Burgundy. Although this area later became famous for winemaking, in V-VII centuries BC, when people left we studied the now shards, of grapes there has not been, at least in appreciable quantities.

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Scientists selected for the study 99 sherds from the Museum of Châtillonnais—Trésor de Vix (Châtillon-sur-Seine, Burgundy, France). 19 of them were identified shards of amphorae of Greek origin, probably imported from the Greek colonies on the French Riviera. Everything else was a product of local potters.

Shards were bound to the place of discovery, allowing you to confidently conclude who used these vessels 2,500 years ago: the aristocracy or the local poor. Their houses were very different in construction and utensils, which makes possible such conclusions.

Directly the study was that the shards were investigated using gas chromatography and mass spectrometry, these techniques allow to detect traces of substances which are once stored in the vessels. Then archaeologists have compared what substances, in what vessels meet.

It turned out that the Gallic commoners, the wine is almost never drank on the remains of their jars tartaric acid is found in isolated cases. But they have a lot of traces of millet. Maybe people were drinking some kind of drink out of it, or maybe just kept the rump of reach for mice place.

Greek amphorae are found almost exclusively in the homes of the wealthy. In all cases there once the wine was kept, and also (later) beer. This drink is respected and the common people.

In poor pitchers in 30% of cases traces of animal fats. Apparently, there is stored the milk or any products based on it.

Finally, the ancient Celts obviously loved honey. Traces of beeswax found on 50% shards. It is not clear whether this honey is taken in the forest from wild bees, or the Gauls in those days had its own apiary. His number indirectly confirms a second version, but direct evidence of this yet.


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