The actual problem for many.
A lifestyle change and a healthy diet will help to reduce the cholesterol level. In case of health problems to control cholesterol by using statins, is intended solely for the advice of a doctor.
About this VA. the Minister of health Suprun wrote in Facebook.
“What if you got your score and your cholesterol is high? There are two basic ways to reduce it: diet plus high physical activity; drugs, among which, mainly, is that statins – drugs affecting the synthesis of cholesterol,” wrote Suprun.
She emphasized that to start taking statins should be prescribed. At the same time, the need for treatment with statins may disappear if people change their lifestyle – quit Smoking, alcohol abuse, improves nutrition, helps to normalize weight and increases the level of physical activity.
She gave examples of when the appointment of statins makes sense: if the risk of cardiovascular diseases (heart attack, stroke, death from vascular disease) in the next 10 years exceeds 7.5%; if a high level of low-density lipoprotein ( “bad”) cholesterol – 4,9 mmol/l or higher. Optimal level is less than 2.6 mmol/L. If there are diseases associated with atherosclerosis (coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, narrowing of the leg arteries, etc.); if there are risk factors – Smoking, diabetes, LDL “bad” cholesterol is 1.8-4.9 mmol/l, vasoconstriction, hypertension, age 40-75 years.
The head of the Ministry of health stressed that adults need to do the analysis for the determination of cholesterol every 4-6 years. Those who are at risk (has family history of cardiovascular disease, obesity or diabetes), you should do that more often.
Keep cholesterol at a normal level, according to Suprun, will help daily physical activity. As well as a healthy diet, which is based on: whole grains, vegetables, fruits, vegetable oils, legumes and nuts; seeds, olive and canola oil, mackerel, herring, apples, pumpkin, celery, oatmeal, chickpeas, lentils.Besides, it is better to give up sweets, sausages, unhealthy fats, smoked meats and alcohol.
It is also necessary to monitor parameters: a healthy body mass index (under 25) and adequate coverage waist (80 cm for women and 94 cm in men).