The stories of the old expeditions continue to fascinate people today.
But interesting anecdotes dressed up in different parts over time, can hide the real facts behind the fiction. Recent discoveries sometimes show a very strange realities relatively well-known researchers, and lift the veil of secrecy over their vices. Even the artifacts associated with researchers who can provide valuable historical information and shed light on the crimes of a century ago.
1. Mysterious painting in Antarctica
In 2016, the archaeologists found some 1,500 artifacts in the huts at Cape Adare in Antarctica. In these buildings once wintered Robert Scott with his expedition who tried to reach the South pole. Most of the objects found were typical of Arctic life, but one of the findings was unexpected — watercolor depicting a bird of the family “pishhevye”.
To find out how the figure was in Antarctica, the researchers had the artist who wrote it. The drawing title and date handwritten in the corner of watercolors, suggested the key to finding the bird drew British zoologist and physician-physiologist Edward Wilson (1872 – 1912). The doctor did his drawing for many years before the expedition, when treated in Europe from tuberculosis of the lungs. It is believed that he took it with him when he went to Antarctica in 1911. Today Wilson does not remember so well as Scott, but he was the first doctor who stepped on the South pole.
2. The genetic curse of Darwin
Charles Darwin was a naturalist-Explorer, who is widely known for his belief that evolution depends on survival of the fittest. Oddly enough, the scientist of the nineteenth century may have inherited the syndrome that killed his mother when he was eight years old. From time to time to Darwin was very bad, but he refused to go to the doctor for fear that he would be unfit for the upcoming expedition. Darwin suffered bouts of a mysterious condition, which for centuries has puzzled doctors and historians. Nausea and vomiting, headaches, skin problems and stomach sometimes made him completely incapacitated.
In 2009, doctor John Hayman, examining records of Darwin, found his mother also suffered from similar symptoms caused by genetic abnormalities. Cyclic vomiting syndrome causes anxiety, skin infections, headaches and abdominal pain. This syndrome is so obvious the mother of Darwin, she died.
3. The Fate Of La Perouse
Jean-françois de Gallo, Comte de La Perouse was an outstanding personality. About the research of the French in the Pacific ocean commonly known only thanks to captain James cook, and La Perouse forgotten due to his mysterious disappearance. His ship disappeared in 1788 on the way to the Torres Strait near Australia. Many years later, a merchant ship sank near the Solomon Islands northeast of Australia. Only one person, someone named shayk Jumao reached Murray island, where he was rescued four years later.
In 1818, he gave an interview to “the Madras courier”, in which he spoke about the possible fate of La Perouse. But his story was forgotten until 2017, when the story was published Gumawa again. It was mentioned that Gumul saw on the Islands with local aboriginal gold watch, compass and weapons (swords and muskets), clearly not belonging to the British (the only Europeans who can visit these Islands). When he asked the natives (in 4 years Cumul learned their language), where did those come from similar items, they told a terrible story. Near the island on the Great Barrier reef crashed ship. His crew reached the island by boat, but was killed by the inhabitants of coastal villages. Survived only one boy, who was raised in the tribe. It is believed that it was the young Francois Mordell.
4. Secret notes Levik
George levick was a research member of the British Antarctic expedition of Robert Scott’s 1910-13 years. During this time levick witnessed something so creepy or disgusting, made notes about it in Greek so that only highly educated people could read his diary. A story that levick could not share with all, were the mating habits of the Adelie penguin. The scientist described how birds practice necrophilia, homosexuality and sexual violence. When he returned to the UK, experts have deemed the material too controversial and refused to publish it.
5. The Skeleton Of Amelia Earhart
The disappearance of a legendary woman pilot Amelia Earhart over the Pacific in 1937 remains a mystery for many centuries. In 1940 on a desert island called Nickumaroro were found human bones. The discovery remained unknown until last year, while in Kiribati has not been found old correspondence between the British officials discussing the new skeleton. In those years, the medical examiner felt that it was a man, but now scientists suggest that the remains of Earhart.
Next to the skeleton found soles from ladies ‘ shoes and a box in which lay a sextant of the same type that was used by the Navigator pilots. The document also contained measurements of each bone found. In 40-ies considered that skeleton hand for men, because they are too long. But such brush length is typical for 20 percent of American women of the nineteenth century. It should be noted that Earhart was taller than most women.
6. The purloined letter
In 1493 Christopher Columbus reported the New world the Spanish king and Queen. 500-year-old a copy of the letter was kept in the Vatican under the title Epistola Christofori Colom, and in 1934 it was catalogued in the collection of works of XV century. As it turned out, during the cataloging someone stole the original letter and replaced it with a fake.
In 2004, Robert Parsons purchased from a dealer of rare books a letter of Columbus for $ 875,000, not knowing that the document was stolen 70 years earlier. Ironically, the Vatican did not know what a priceless letter disappeared, until, while Parsons did not attempt to establish the authenticity of your purchase.
Only in 2017 check in the Vatican library revealed a forgery, when Mary Parsons after her husband’s death allowed the government expert to examine the letter, which he purchased. Subsequently, she returned it to the Vatican. Who was the thief, and how exactly was stolen Epistola Christofori Colom, is a mystery.
7. Peary never visited the pole
The laurels of the first man, who managed to reach the pole, led to fierce competition. Two Americans were fighting each other for the title of first man to set foot on the North pole. Robert Peary was an engineer of the Navy and experienced Arctic Explorer who in 1909, took the Eskimos as guides, arrived at the North pole. Nevertheless, his “rival” Dr. Frederick cook, said he has already visited the North pole last year. Some of them clearly lied.
The U.S. Congress in 1911, was officially awarded the laurels of the discoverer Peary. Today, scientists doubt whether it was so. What is most interesting, undoubtedly, though not reached the North pole, he was sure of the correctness. Long after the death of Piri was found his travel journal. After reading it, the researchers found that because of navigational mistakes Peary got to the pole at 48 km. A real “winner” began Colonel Joseph Fletcher, who first came from the forwarding plane, stranded on the pole in 1952.
8. The earliest astrolabe
In 1998 historians excitedly watched the opening of the sunken “Esmeralda” off the coast of Oman. The ship of captain Vincent Sodre, who sailed with the fleet of Vasco da Gama, when he was looking for route to India, sank in a storm in 1502-1503. During the investigation of a shipwreck in 2014 on the seabed was discovered a copper disc. Scientists decided that it’s a navigation device called an astrolabe.
On the disk was a picture of two emblems – the coat of arms of Portugal at that time and the personal emblem of the Portuguese king Manuel I. After a few years of 3-D scanning has confirmed that it is indeed the oldest astrolabe, which has been preserved to the present day.
9. Great scheme Rosetta
Percy Fawcett disappeared in 1925 when he went to the Amazon jungle to find the lost “city of gold Z”. For many years trying to find out what happened to Fawcett, was sent 13 expeditions, which led to the deaths of 100 people. There are many theories, but basically it was thought that the Colonel was killed by the natives.
In 2004 Mike Williams has announced unexpected discovery. British writer and television Director has spent the last decade exploring the disappearance and befriended descendants Rosetta. In the result, Williams was the first who received permission to review the correspondence of a missing researcher. This led to strange conclusions. According to the letters fosetta, he wanted to leave British society and founded what he called the “great schema”.
For his friends and family he described a secret commune in the Amazon basin, who practiced the mixture of theosophy and the worship of Jack, his son (Jack disappeared along with his father). In the family archives of Facetow contained testimonies of people who wanted to join the secret community. However, the most surreal in the correspondence was a sketch of a generic Ghost that supposedly appeared only for Facetow and lured in the trap of those who tried to find Percy.
10. The real reason Scott’s death
When Robert Scott arrived at the South pole, he was disappointed to find that the Norwegians had gotten there first. 18 Jan 1912, Scott took a group photo of their expedition on the pole, and then went back. After Scott froze and died, he became a national hero in Britain.
Later he began to posthumously blame the deaths of the entire expedition (although one death was accidental, and another man has committed suicide). Recently researchers have discovered that three of the survivors died because in the interim camp, the people did not obey the orders of Scott. He left written instructions that they sent to meet sled dogs and warm clothing and food (because they knew that ago, they are unlikely to reach). But the dogs never arrived, and provisions were dropped from aircraft over the camp. Once in a snowstorm, a group of Scott died at 18 kilometers from the camp.