He posed with celebrities.
Philippe Halsman (Philippe Halsman) was born on 2 may 1906 in Riga. His father, Morduch Halsman worked as a dentist, and his mother ITA Greentouch taught grammar in school. Having received secondary education, the future master of portrait photography went to study electrical engineering in Dresden. In September of 1928 in the life of 22-year-old Halsman tragedy struck. He was accused of the murder of his father, who was killed, torn from the mountain during a hike in the Austrian Tyrol.
Witnesses to the incident, was not. The court did not believe in an accident in the region was born of anti-Semitism and Philippe Halsman was sentenced to ten years imprisonment in hard labour. Sister Luba were pleading for his release. In the end, the convict was supported by prominent European minds, including Freud, Einstein, Thomas Mann, Henri Hertz, and Fields painlevé. In 1930, Philip pardoned and freed on the condition that he leaves Austria.
Halsman moved to France. Collaboration with fashion magazines like “Vogue”, “Vu” and “Voila” soon earned him a reputation as one of the best portrait photographers in the country. But when France invaded Germany, had to flee to Marseille. To obtain a U.S. visa to Halsman helped albert Einstein.
In the United States began the most fruitful and successful period of life Philippe Halsman, so it is often referred to as an American photographer. In 1942 he found work in the magazine “Life”, and in subsequent years, 101 of his photos printed on the cover of this edition.
In 1941 Halsman met Salvador Dalí. In the late 1940s they began to cooperate fruitfully. In 1948 he created the image “Gave Atomicus” (Dali Atomicus), which depicted three cats flying, a bucket of spitting water and Gave in the air. The inspiration for this work came from the planetary model of the atom. It took 28 tries to the good.
In 1954 Halsman, the great surrealist released a collection of “Mustache Dali” (Dali’s Mustache). Another outstanding photoperformance was a surrealistic portrait of Dali beside a large skull consisting of seven naked women. Halsman had a three-hour set of models for the sketch Given. The work was called “Death in pleasure” (In Voluptas Mors).
In 1947, Halsman was one of the most famous portraits of albert Einstein. Scientist during a photo shoot with regret spoke about his role in the development of the atomic bomb in the United States. This photo later, in 1966, used on a U.S. postage stamp and in 1999, printed on the cover of Time magazine, when Einstein was named “person of the century”.
In 1951 Halsman on assignment for NBC photographed popular comedians of the time: Milton burl, Sid Caesar, Groucho Marx, Bob hope. Many of the artists he captured in the air. Later, in the same manner he did portraits in jump other celebrities, among them the Ford family, the Duke and Duchess of Windsor, Marilyn Monroe, Maria Felix and Richard Nixon. In 1959 Philip Halsman released the book “Jump,” which became a classic of photography. It comprises 178 photographs of jumping celebrities.
“When you ask somebody to jump up, all his attention directed to the act of jumping and the mask falls so that there is a real human face”, – said the photographer.
He practiced a variety of photographic techniques, unusual lighting, unusual camera angles, original compositions, etc. effort the photographer has put into transmit in the picture that the man is actually. Halsman always admired human face, looking at which, all his life tried to solve the riddle of human nature. It must have helped him to become a brilliant photographer of the portrait genre.
Among other celebrities photographed by Halsman: Alfred Hitchcock, Martin Lewis, Judy garland, Winston Churchill, Marilyn Monroe, Dorothy Dandridge, Pablo Picasso, Marc Chagall, Le Corbusier, andré Malraux, Frank Sinatra, Elizabeth Taylor, Audrey Hepburn, Sophia Loren, Muhammad Ali.