This fall, experts on influenza have been waiting for his coming by the end of September — beginning of October — and it came on schedule, until then modestly hiding behind a colorful bouquet of a variety of SARS. Passers-by who in masks, and some without — with squished noses and eyes of rabbits have captivated public transport. Children with a spike in body temperature settled down at home to a couple of days, untreated, really, to go back to kindergartens and schools… basically everything, as usual. Although the summer in the forecasts of epidemiologists already heard some tension, because most likely one of the current viruses — none other than the H1N1, the analogue of which caused the pandemic in 2009. And with it a surge of deaths from the ensuing complications.
Traditionally, risk groups, and this year the doctors took pregnant women, children, “the Chronicles”, especially people suffering from cardiovascular diseases and lung disease, the elderly. As well as regular users of the subway — because of the ideal conditions for the spread of the virus that create the subway with large crowds and high humidity.
In this regard, to do the rest of us? Despite the fact that the “secrets” of successful prevention and treatment of seasonal contagion are more or less known, myths associated with colds and flu every year becomes less. To understand them, to confirm or deny today help well-known specialists.
The first myth: “SARS and flu from a sick transmitted by sneezing or coughing”
— There are at least three ways of transmission, namely, droplet, airborne dust and household. — Says the doctor of medical Sciences, Professor, chief freelance otolaryngologist Central Federal district of Russia, head of the Department of diseases of ear, nose and throat sbei HPE First Moscow state medical University. I. M. Sechenov Valery Svistushkin.
I would also like to remind you that the virus is viable in the environment for 2-9 hours! Paper, cardboard and tissues — 8-12 hours on metal parts and plastic — up to 2 days on glass surface — up to 10 days. The conclusion is simple: personal hygiene and regular cleaning is the basics of prevention. And it works.
The second myth: “to Treat SARS is nothing and no reason”
— The group is acute respiratory infection of varying severity, some of which are fraught with complications in the field of cardiovascular and nervous system, the development of pneumonia. says Professor Valery Svistushkin. — However, it is established that in patients taking in these situations, antiviral drugs (officially, the Who, the flu, the recommended relenza and Tamiflu (zanamivir and oseltamivir – ed) – complications are much less common. But a respiratory infection in a mild form, cannot be ignored. For example, intracranial complications, development of chronic diseases is primarily a result of a lack of timely medical care.
Treatment of SARS depends on the type of disease and the characteristics of each patient. It is the use of drugs of direct or indirect antiviral action, symptomatic treatment or supportive care. Lately, by the way, many copies have been broken around the use of homeopathic remedies. So, the results of recent clinical studies have once again confirmed their effectiveness. All the well-known Oscillococcinum, for example, contributes to both prevention and reduction of major symptoms of colds — intoxication, rhinitis and sore throat, within 48 hours from the start of the application. Both children and adults.
Important: it is essential to seek emergency medical care if you experience shortness of breath or difficulty breathing, or if high temperature is not reduced for more than 3 days. Dangerous symptoms in a child: fast breathing or shortness of breath, does not decrease the temperature, seizures (convulsions).
The third myth: Antibiotics for colds it is better to take “proactive” — in case you join a bacterial infection
— A tenacious myth! — surprised Professor Svistushkin. — It is proven that antibiotics do not help patients to recover from acute respiratory diseases, and for prevention of their use is not worth it. There is a good symptomatic drugs, which will greatly facilitate the as with SARS. One cold worth. The world has refused to receive the vasoconstrictor drops, which are addictive. A good alternative to pills nasal plant-based. The study was conducted: by the third day of therapy tablets in 53 percent of patients completely disappeared symptoms of rhinitis, and the remaining 47 percent, they decreased by half. The intensity of the secretions from the nasal cavity is reduced in 3 times. The main thing — that the reception started as early as possible, at the first symptoms of rhinitis.
The fourth myth: “If you had flu once in a season never get sick”
— It is not. In one season, you can recover multiple influenza viruses and SARS. The truth is that right after the person with Alzheimer’s immune to the flu virus, which had. But for one season we may encounter several types of viruses. So this fall, the world health organization predicts activation of the three flu strains: influenza b, “Brisbane”, influenza a H3N2 “Hong Kong” and H1N1 “Michigan”.
Myth five: “Vaccination may trigger disease”
Vaccination is the most reliable recommended by the world health organization method of preventing influenza. — confirmed Valery Svistushkin. — The composition of the vaccine changes every year in accordance with the epidemiologists forecast of the flu strains that will be active in the new season. It should be noted that immunity against a virus of flu is formed within 21 days (so if you did it in September — hurry up!) And the vaccine does not protect from other types of SARS, therefore it is impossible to forget and about other preventive measures, including medication. Homeopathic remedies prevention can generally be used for a long time, for several weeks, and even during the season of colds and flu.
Myth six: Stress is the “key” for any respiratory infections
— Results of recent research in neurophysiology suggests that the emotions and mood affect the immune system of the human body, reducing or increasing its resistance to acute respiratory infections. — says the teacher of the Department of Pediatrics, RMANO, MD, Professor Irina Kholodova. — At the household level, many say, for example, that when a person is confident and passionate about a purpose, he is not distracted by the negative factors, which are always all around and in this state he is less prone to infections.
If for a long time a person experiences anger, anxiety or depression, even if these emotions will be mild, it is more likely to develop acute respiratory infections. Yes, it’s a viral disease, but their agents are always in a particular amount present in the body. And only if the chronic stress, prolonged experience of negative emotions and disrupts the immune system, the body provides them fertile ground for reproduction and pathogenic effects.
— Sometimes the “inner picture” is very big, sometimes dominant position. And then it is much easier to liquidate real microbe in the patient than “evict” an imaginary germ of his psyche. Explains Professor Irina Kholodova. But the problem is that only 14 percent of patients to deal with stress using drugs and seek help to a specialist — just 1 percent. Meanwhile, medications, including over-the-counter, for example when manifestations of anxiety, sleep disorders. Remember that chronic stress leads to disease. Provide additional support to your body and do not delay your visit to the doctor.
A group of American researchers have found that people sleeping for 6 or fewer hours per day, 4 times higher risk of getting in contact with the virus, than those who spends in sleep 7 hours.
By the way
In Britain, began the recruitment of 500 patients volunteer for clinical trials for a new universal vaccine against seasonal influenza. The flu vaccine that is used today, needs to change each year dependent on mutation of the pathogen. The new vaccine acts on the part of the flu virus, which remains unchanged in all its strains and varieties. According to researchers from Oxford University, this means that a new vaccine will give better protection and be able to kill the influenza germs not only in humans, but in birds and pigs.