Berlin — this weekend German Chancellor Angela Merkel will host Russian President Vladimir Putin at the outskirts of Berlin, where they will hold talks. According to analysts, this is quite an unexpected move shows how the enemies and allies change their positions in response to baseless fee and the unpredictable policy of the administration of trump.
As stated to journalists the official representative of Merkel Steffen Seibert (Steffen Seibert), the Chancellor and the President of Russia will hold a meeting on Saturday in the governmental residence, which is a German version of camp David. According to Seibert, the parties will discuss the situation in Syria, violence in Eastern Ukraine and a joint gas pipeline project.
However, analysts noted that for the detailed outline of the agenda of a meeting may be hiding an attempt to strengthen alliances and to exchange ideas about how best to respond to the duties of the President trump. Russia and Germany suffered from the duties on aluminum and steel, and both countries fear the consequences from the recent trump measures against Turkey.
The last time the leaders of Russia and Germany met in may in Putin’s residence located in the black sea resort city of Sochi.
“I would consider this meeting in a broader, global context, said the Director of the program on Central and Eastern Europe, Russia and Central Asia of the German society for foreign policy Stefan Meister (Stefan Meister). — I don’t think it signals the warming of relations between Berlin and Moscow, but between them there is a coincidence of interests, and in these areas they are more willing to cooperate.”
First in the agenda of the talks will be the construction of the pipeline “Nord stream — 2”, in which the gas will go directly from Russia to Germany through the Baltic sea — bypassing Ukraine and Poland.
The United States has from the outset opposed this project, and on the eve of the NATO summit, held last month, trump has subjected Germany to sharp criticism, saying that she was “a prisoner of Russia.”
Berlin has imposed economic sanctions against Russia in response to annexation of Crimea in 2014. But the two countries share a long history of economic and other relations, as well as the legacy of bloody wars and the cold war, when Russia had control over Eastern Germany. In Germany there are about three million “Russian Germans” entitled to citizenship by blood as they are descendants of Germans who emigrated to Russia in the past century.
Between Merkel and Putin, too, has a long, though not very smooth relations that arose before it in 2005, became Chancellor. Merkel is fluent in Russian and Putin is fluent in German.
And although the Chancellor has a reputation as a modest man, able firmly to resist authoritarian leaders, they regularly talk on the phone, despite the Crimean crisis of 2014 and the escalation of armed conflict in the East of Ukraine, in which Russia took an active part.
After several weeks of verbal attacks trump on the pipeline “Nord stream — 2” at the NATO summit Russian foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov went to Berlin, where he met with Merkel and her foreign Minister Heiko Maas (Heiko Maas). In negotiations took part the chief of the Russian General staff General Valery Gerasimov. The parties focused on discussing the situation in Syria.
Chancellor Merkel continue to haunt the political consequences of the Syrian humanitarian crisis in 2015, to which she reacted not the best way, having started in Germany hundreds of thousands of refugees. However, since the number of Syrians wishing to seek asylum in Germany has declined significantly.
If this question is agreed, the part of the Syrian refugees will get the opportunity to return home, and this will strengthen the position of Merkel. And since Moscow is playing in Syria a key role in supporting President Bashar al-Assad, and its participation will be required for sure.
As for the violence in Eastern Ukraine, where Moscow is supporting Pro-Russian rebels, then Germany together with France as mediators sought a peace agreement in Minsk. However, the fighting in Eastern Ukraine is still ongoing, and many of Germany’s partners in the European Union fear that the project “Northern stream — 2” will dispel all hopes for continued stability, depriving Ukraine of the revenues from gas transit and destroying the incentives to maintain peace that now constrain Russia.
Spokesman Seibert Merkel on Monday stressed that Germany continues to favour the transit of Russian gas through Ukrainian territory.
Washington has promised new sanctions against Russia in response to the March attempted murder living in England, the former Russian spy and his daughter. While working in Russia, German companies have not suffered from these measures.
However, there are concerns that banks and energy companies can suffer damage from the sanctions. These are the words of Michael harms (Michael Harms), head of the Eastern Committee of German economy.
“I don’t see any changes in relations between Moscow and Berlin, said harms. — But for certain and specific issues we are now cooperating more closely. Basically it is a response to American foreign policy, which is held today in Washington.”