Interesting photo from the place with a terrible history.
The concentration camp as a city-forming enterprise? Why not? If there is a giant factory of death, and requires appropriate support. Around the barracks, fences and machine gun towers was a huge area: a home for “employees”, greenhouses, chemical plant, plant for processing of all that remained of the people.
But why “was”? The district now exists. And there are ordinary poles. Even in the former barracks, where he died Jewish too! And ghosts are not afraid. Still produce and plants, on which slaves worked.
Of course, idle tourists visiting in Auschwitz, have no idea about this. Let me show you a peaceful life on the bones. Without a single Jew, but with skinheads and Gopnik.
1 Auschwitz-Birkenau, the saddest place on the planet. Here for a few years the Nazis had destroyed millions of unarmed civilians. Destroyed just like that, simply because they were. The territory of the Nazi camps in Auschwitz was really huge. It covered the entire city and the surrounding area.
2 Now directly the concentration camps (Auschwitz 1 and Auschwitz 2-Birkenau) have become museums, but besides them in the area survived dozens of Nazi objects that nobody knows about. Have you ever wondered where they lived six thousand SS-ovtsev guarding prisoners? Not with them in the barracks. Come, I will show.
3 houses start a few hundred meters from the fence of the concentration camp. Here is the village of Brzezinka, in Russian — Berezovka. She Birkenau in German. Nazi death factory got the name from this village.
4 Around really a lot of birch trees. The camp is huge, and to avoid it you need to spend the whole day. But here, to the most Northern point of it, rarely gets.
5 But in vain: here lie 8 thousand Soviet prisoners of war executed by the Nazis at Birkenau.
6 grandparents who went missing during the time of war may be buried there, and meticulous to detail the Germans during the war, the bodies were not considered and the name did not ask. In Auschwitz there were no names, only numbers. Today, this modest memorial almost did not attend, he was too far from the main entrance, and not know about it. And
7 When most people think about the arrival of Jews in Auschwitz, they represent a railway line inside the camp Birkenau, and the train passing through the “Gate of death” in the Central tower. However, the well-known view of the entrance to the camp was completed in 1944. Prior to this, in the spring of 1942 and lo may 1944, the Jews and other deportees arrived at the so-called Jewish platform “Judenrampe”. It was an offshoot from the main railway line through the town of Oswiecim.
During the construction of the Birkenau camp civil railway line was extended here and built a freight station West Bahnhof. The platform had a concrete platform about 500 meters in length and was well lit in order to carry out selection night. During the selection of men and women were separated, and then those who were fit for work were driven into baragi, others to the gas chambers. About 600-900 thousand Jews, Gypsies and other deported people passed through Judenrampe. In 2005, the money of France was established this memorial in the form of two cars. It is a reconstruction, the real Judenrampe was left, now there are almost impassable thickets, and there is a working (and very busy) railway line.
8 Near the carriage-the monument you can see the long abandoned one-story building of red brick. Autumn and winter 42-43 years prisoners from Birkenau built a complex of ten warehouses for storing potatoes and other vegetables grown on the farms of Auschwitz, which was under the authority of SS. Vegetables used by the guards of the camps (there were 6 thousand people!), prisoners are not getting.
10 And in this house, now residential, was located in a kindergarten for children of families of members of the SS stationed at Auschwitz.
11 was Close to the sauna, specially built for SS officers. Low wooden hut today, almost not visible due to vegetation and abandoned.
12 And very few people know that Auschwitz was not two, but three concentration camps. Located to the East of the first two Auschwitz-III Monowitz was a labour camp, where inmates worked at a chemical company. Now, the plant is still there! Take a look at a map of the city, I see many dozens of railway lines? This is the territory of the Auschwitz industrial area, its size, it exceeds the city itself!
13 South of Factory street is almost the village and fields. The idyllic picture is spoiled only a large concrete bunker, left over from the war.
14 Bins of this type (called “Salzgitter”) has been actively built in 1944, around the chemical and oil industry in case of air attacks of the allies. The bunker has entrances from two sides.
15 Well-known fence, one look is enough to understand that behind this fence is the German object from world war II. Too typical of his curved support, replace concrete slab on the grid — and now the fence of the concentration camp. Upstairs, of course, was barbed wire. Here the fence is on a huge industrial zone of a chemical plant.
16 One of the objectives of the organization of the concentration camps was to supply the German industry with free labor. In April 1941 the German concern IG Farbenindustrie began the construction of a huge factory complex for the production of fuels and synthetic rubber. This area was called “Buna Werke”. The factory was built by prisoners. Then they drove here to work for 6 kilometers on foot from the main camp Auschwitz I. Then realized that the way slaves out of steam and began to transport them by rail. When the enterprise reached full production capacity (in 1942) in the South-Eastern part of the industrial zone built barracks and transferred to the part of the prisoners. In 1944 the camp received autonomy as Auschwitz III Monowitz, part of a group of Auschwitz. All these sub-camps were 47!
In camp Monowitz lived and worked 11 thousands of slaves. The mortality rate among prisoners was extremely high, but regularly came to Auschwitz trains with new and new Jews were allowed to quickly find a replacement. The territory of the Buna-Werke was four times subjected to allied bombing in 1944, was significant damage to some buildings. The plant shut down in mid-January 1945, the prisoners were liberated by the Soviet army on 27 January of the same year.
17 Now a large industrial area with dozens of different companies, including preserved and chemical production, albeit in much smaller amounts. The German giant IG Farbenindustrie was closed in 1952 and broke into several companies, including well-known brands of BASF and AGFA.
18 Another large object in the “zone of interest” of the concentration camps were agricultural and experimental station in the village of Paradise South of Auschwitz. In these greenhouses worked by the prisoners grew vegetables and flowers, tending to nearby fields. As you know, fertilizer for these fields served as the ashes burned in the crematoria prisoners.
19 Also in Paradise, worked the hygiene Institute of the SS, who conducted chemical and bacteriological analysis for disease prevention and participated in the purchase yaz of Zyklon B for the gas chambers.
20 part of the now abandoned greenhouses.
21 in General, it is quite a going concern, where they grow potted plants.
22 In 1940, SS units took several zgadnij adjacent to the Auschwitz-1. They were built in 1916 and was previously part of the Polish tobacco monopoly. First, the Nazis kept in the buildings of the prisoners, then used the premises for their own barracks, warehouses and administration. Yet here was the dining room, a residential block for officers of the SS, and obshejitie for some of the female prisoners (as a rule, from among “Jehovah’s Witnesses”), who worked as maids for the German officers.
23 In this huge abandoned building was the barracks for the SS-ovtsev, and initially it were brought here the first prisoners of the Auschwitz concentration camp during its formation in 1940. The building, the former first tobacco factory had a loading dock and dvupolnoj railway line. These lines were used for the delivery of prisoners to Auschwitz, and later to transport them to work on factory Farben Buna-Werke in Monowitz camp kontsentratsionnye.
24 old pictures of German soldiers standing on the loading dock. Although now all overgrown with grass, the original rails are still there.
25 Inside — nothing interesting.
26 Small town of Oswiecim literally enmeshed in the railway. The Germans knew how to effectively use the railroad, all the objects were connected with the main highway to Krakow. One of the branches was supplied directly to the death camp Birkenau. And these abandoned paths in old industrial area (photo) are from an abandoned barracks on the abandoned factory. Someone had painted on the gate star of David.
27 can Easily overcome the fence and find ourselves on the ruins of the plant. The building was built by prisoners of the Auschwitz camp, raspolozhennogo on the same street to the South. Subsequently 1200 “slaves” for free at work and made fuses for artillery shells. After the war the territory passed to the local company for car repairs, they changed the roof, but the rest of the building has remained virtually the same as during construction.
28 About Auschwitz and its historical center, which has no connection with the war and the Germans, we’ll talk in a separate report. But here I have to mention that the ancient Ushpizin was a very Jewish city.
29 in General, the word “Ushpizin” translates from Aramaic as “guests”. That was the name of a city of the Jews, but it is also the name of a prayer read on the holiday of Sukkot and inviting guests to visit the house. The history of the city began around that time, when Moscow was founded, until the mid XVI century, it was part of Bohemia, then he was captured by the Polish king Sigismund II Augustus, who invited back Jews. In the 18th century the city housed a military garrison, which served the Jewish tailors, shoemakers and other craftsmen. This stimulated the economic development of the city and its surroundings, thanks to which Auschwitz became an important centre of trade and crafts in South-Western Poland. In the late eighteenth century its population was more than 2.5 thousand people, half of whom were Jews.
On the eve of the Second world war in the city there were several dozen synagogues and Jewish organizations. Auschwitz was also one of the centers of Hasidic life: here was the residence of the Rebbe Bobovsky. 18 Feb 1941 the Nazis announced the expulsion of Jews from Auschwitz in the ghetto. Part of the Jewish population was arrested during raids and deported to concentration camps, including Auschwitz, the construction of which by the time was completed. In 1942 Auschwitz was declared judenfrei — free of Jews. From seven Jewish communities survived only 70 people.
30 After the war, he returned to Auschwitz several dozen Jews. However, to restore Jewish life in the city, which has become a giant cemetery. With 60 years until his death in 2000 at Auschwitz lived only one Jew, Shimon Kluger, follow the procedure in the Jewish cemetery. Today, the city of Jews left.
31Расширение camp Auschwitz was planned even before there were plans to create a separate death camp in the nearby village of Birkenau. near the main area was built more than a dozen blocks, where they were held prisoners of various categories. In particular, the workers of the arms factory (showed him the ruins above). Still here kept women selected for the medical experiments of Dr. Carl Clauberg’s sterilization gamma rays.
32 Now this quiet residential area with parks and nature.
33 People as if nothing had happened live their lives, fall in love, get married, wash clothes and have children, watch TV, including films about the war.
34 Suspect if they that live in those buildings where once were suffering and dying victims of Nazism? Some may think about it.
35 Area separated by a fence, behind which there are similar architectural buildings located on the territory of the Polish army.
36 Initially, as you remember, and the Auschwitz-1 was built on the basis of former soldiers ‘ barracks of the Polish (and earlier Austrian) army. It all came back. to normal.
37 the Other part of the residential district, and according to the contingent around and pollution of the entrances, live here entirely marginal Yes Gopnik.
38 Stockpiling their trash right in the entrance, how pathetic it looks.
39 But even more strange to see rock art left by the local Teens. In any other part of the world it would look less weird than here.
40 But the song words can not erase. Oswiecim, Poland, today. People living in the former barracks of Auschwitz paint at the entrance is crossed with a star of David. This surprises me far more than the surviving ruins, which no one cares.
41 What it’s like in to live in Auschwitz? In a small town, whose name the whole world knows, and from the sobering to the soul. Let’s talk about this next time, in a report about a walk through the streets of Auschwitz. Come back tomorrow at 10am — it will be interesting. And if you liked this post give it a like and write a comment.