Interesting attractions of the Park.
Banff national Park is the oldest national Park of Canada, established in 1885 in the canadian Rocky mountains.
The significance of Banff (and the canadian Rockies in General) is seen in a totally different light when you know the geological history of the area. If very briefly, during the Paleozoic (240-540 million years ago) the current North American continent (then part of the supercontinent Pangaea) was over here somewhere, maybe a little to the West, but the oven, which is now Vancouver island was far out at sea, much like today in Hawaii, thousands of 4-5 km.
In the early Mesozoic (240 million years ago) North America began moving toward the Pacific plate with all of Juan de Fuki, and San Andrease. Plates collided and began to crawl one upon the other — the Pacific plate to go deep into the earth, and continental — bumping her, gathered into an accordion like crumpled paper.
Today the “accordion” is our coastal mountains around Vancouver, and including, the whole volcanic chain of the Baker and up to Garibaldi, and the mountains immediately to the East of Okanagan lake. But what we see here in the Rocky mountains, particularly in Banff, Jasper and Yoho is the seabed 500-350 million years ago, rising up to a height of over 2 km!
Please note many of the photos in this post the angle at which is located a strata of rocks. The same effect can be observed in the vicinity of Vancouver, but he is from hitting other plates. This is particularly evident in the example of Rundle mountain towering above the town of Banff:
This hill in the Park, the Yoho — Burgess, for example, is protected by UNESCO and you can get to it only as part of an organised group tour due to the fact that on its slopes of bare shale rock age of 509 million years with tens of thousands of marine fossils of that period, many of which you can see right on the trail. 509 million years is the beginning of the Paleozoic era (the period known as the Cambrian explosion when many new groups of organisms), long before the great Permian extinction of 251 million years ago, which has gone 95% of all living species on Earth.
There are two ways to explore the National parks. The first is to travel a whole day by car, driving on one famous landmark after another.
The second was to choose one or two of the route — and lost to them away from fans of the first method (which are imported here are with their buses). Today, enjoy the first reception — walk around the sights of Banff.