Doctors have listed seven common diseases whose development plays the role of unhealthy food.
Food is such an integral part of our lives, bringing us pleasure and fills the body with nutrients necessary for its life. The quality of food consumed, caloric intake and nutrition have a direct impact on our health, both physical and mental.
According to the statistics, the condition of the human body by about 50% depends on lifestyle and nutrition including. Promiscuity, excesses in food or its deficit over time, lead to pretty sad consequences in the form of various diseases.
The value of proper nutrition for health
Almost all functions of the human body are somehow connected with food. Food is a source of energy, vitamins, minerals, macro – and microelements, as well as many other essential substances. Improper nutrition has a negative impact on human health, regardless of age and original condition of the body. Overeating or inadequate intake of nutrients leads to fatigue, reduced work capacity, impaired immunity, and even triggers premature aging.
At the request of the staff of the University of Washington, about 20% of all deaths in the world one way or another is due to malnutrition. Moreover the number affected by your diet includes people of different incomes. Some are experiencing a shortage of nutrients because of the paucity of their food, others are abusing harmful foods. Scientists argue that basic health is the excessive consumption of salt, saturated and TRANS fat, lack in the diet of fruits and vegetables, seeds and nuts, omega-3 unsaturated fatty acids and whole grains. But let’s consider, in the development of any diseases and disorders improper diet is one of the key factors.
No. 1. Digestive disorders
The processing and digestion of food largely depends on the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. Improper nutrition in the first place affect the state of this system of our body. It can cause the development of various pathologies: from gastritis to cirrhosis. Diarrhea, constipation, stomach heaviness, bloating or mild nausea — problems that can happen to anyone. If you have these symptoms you need to sound the alarm and to go to the doctor.
Improper diet increases the risk of chronic constipation. This happens because of deficiencies in the daily diet of fiber and water. To avoid such problems, you must have year-round vegetables, fruits, legumes and whole grains that are rich not only in fiber, but also a lot of useful vitamins, minerals, etc.
No. 2. Obesity
Problems with obesity — the scourge of modern society. Sedentary lifestyle, sedentary work, and of course, wrong diet leads to rapid weight gain. Moreover, obesity can not only lead to the abuse of fatty and high carbohydrate food, but the lack of a certain diet. Weight gain contribute to a late dinner dense and large gaps between meals, forcing the body to turn on the saving mode and storing fat as a reserve.
Obesity is itself a disease, but in addition, it provokes the development of other more serious pathologies. Excess weight negatively affects the cardiovascular system, the condition of all internal organs, compress fat, elasticity of blood vessels, blood circulation, hormonal, and many other vital processes.
No. 3. Cardiovascular disease
Misuse of products with a high content of cholesterol leads to the formation of so-called plaques in the walls of blood vessels. This increases the risk of heart attacks, strokes, atherosclerosis and other diseases.
This is interesting: whether night snacking to obesity in reality?
The probability of development of pathologies of the cardiovascular system and increases at later meals. So, employees of the Medical school of Perelman, acting on the basis of the University of Pennsylvania, conducted the study. It was attended by 9 volunteers with normal body weight. 8 weeks they were fed between 8:00 to 19:00. Only this time it was supposed to 5 meals. Upon completion of the first phase of the study, the participants had a two week break. During the second stage, the daily volume of food they consumed in between 12:00-23:00. Participants ‘ sleep in the two phases lasted from 23:00 until 8:00. The observation was subject to not only the weight of volunteers, but also their metabolism. The result was that more recent meals have led to increased body mass, impaired fat metabolism, and the formation of carbohydrate reserves. Increased indicators of insulin, sugar, cholesterol, and triglycerides. All this has a negative impact on the cardiovascular system and increases the risk of various diseases.
No. 4. Diabetes
Sugar is included in virtually all of the products we consume. It is necessary for the body in moderation, after all, is the source of power for it. But not all sugar is useful. As part of confectionery, homemade cakes and even fruit and vegetables, it can cause sharp increases in the level of glucose in the blood. And the more often this occurs the greater the damage to our health. Thus, malnutrition may be one of the reasons for the development of diabetes. And it’s not only foods rich in simple carbohydrates, but in excessive weight, and especially obesity. The main risk group is people with a body mass index above 30. To reduce the likelihood of developing diabetes, you need to:
drink more water, preventing even slight dehydration, which interferes with insulin production and absorption of glucose; eat less sugar, which increases the load on the pancreas, increase appetite and contribute to overeating; when drawing up the diet take into account the glycemic index of food consumed; moderately eat fatty foods, preferring lean meat, fish, seafood, vegetable oils; there are not large portions and not to do too much between meals; to consume foods with a high content of vitamins C and group B.
Respecting such recommendations, it is possible not only to reduce the likelihood of developing the disease, but also to normalize your weight.
No. 5. Depression
Deakin University scientists found that the likelihood of depression when malnutrition increases significantly. In a confirmation study was conducted, which was attended by 67 volunteers suffering from moderate to severe depression. All the participants were divided into two groups. The people who were in the first group has not adhered to the principles of proper nutrition, but to the experts they provided social support.
Participants in the second group were sitting on the Mediterranean diet with a high content of lean meat, vegetables and fruits. As a result of the research showed that levels of depression in volunteers from the second group decreased by 30%, and of the first — just 8%. So, according to experts, to prevent and fight depression, you need to include in your diet foods rich in zinc, iron and vitamin B12, adhering to the General recommendations on nutrition.
The lack of food culture increases anxiety and contributes to the development of depression and mood disorders. Scientists say that all of these problems are present in children. In confirmation of his words, they presented the results of the analysis of the information obtained in the course of 12 studies involving 83000 children aged 4.5 to 18 years. To obtain desired results was taken into account dietary habits of the participants, the quality and frequency of consumption of products, data behavioral analysis of the successes and challenges that faced parents.
No. 6. Alzheimer’s Disease
Modern researchers believe that food quality has a direct impact on the brain. Thus, high-calorie fast food and other unhealthy popular among the population, contribute to the development of Alzheimer’s disease. As mentioned earlier, this power causes an increase of blood sugar, which in turn increases the likelihood of diabetes and type two diabetes leads to the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease.
In addition, American scientists have found that obesity changes are dopamine receptors that produce so-called hormone of happiness. But apart from pleasure, dopamine is also responsible for motivation. Because of this extra weight is extremely difficult to force yourself to exercise. It is a vicious circle, out of which very difficult.
No. 7. Cancer
The causes of cancer and to this day are the subject of numerous scientific studies. And one of the factors causing the transformation of benign cells into malignant, called improper diet. The lack of fiber, large amount of saturated and TRANS fats in the diet and use of products containing different chemical additives — all this and more is injurious to health in General and contributes to the development of various diseases, including cancer.
According to the European Agency for food safety, the greatest danger is popular today, chips and fries, biscuits and coffee. In their composition often found acrylamide is a dangerous carcinogen. He stands out when baking or frying starchy foods at high temperatures. To prove the link between acrylamide and cancer has been as a result of experiments on laboratory mice.
To protect your health with proper nutrition, you must adhere to its principles throughout life. Of course, because sometimes eaten piece of cake or fried chicken, nothing will happen, but the main thing — do not make these products the basis of your diet. So, the main factors that you should look for when healthy eating are:
the quality of food and variety of the daily menu;
– the amount of food consumed and moderation of diet;
– mode power, including 4-5 meals with uniform gaps between them;
– daily consumption of at least 400 g of fresh vegetables and fruits.
The mistaken belief that proper nutrition gets in the pocket. To provide the body with all necessary nutrients, do not need overseas delicacies and exotic fruits. The main thing — the desire to be healthy and awareness of the importance of what we eat.