Do not think that the author divides the veracity of certain statistics on a national basis. They say that Russian statistics are false, but the American or the statistics of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) is true. Any state is an instrument of the ruling class, which uses this tool and its institutions in its own interests. Same applies to the IMF, although the institution and supranational, but a purely class. Only a naive person can say that financiers and capitalists, standing at the head of the IMF, will not protect their interests, and the interests of workers.
As for the data that are available, they are taken from open sources, including the website of the Federal state statistics service. As they say, for what bought, for and sell. I want to add that the departure of the statistics from reality are fraught with not only the deception of their own citizens, but also a misrepresentation of the owners-the capitalists who are responsible for the economic and social processes in the country.
I have in my hands several statistical compilation “Russia in numbers” for 2016, 2015, 2010, 2005, National economy of the RSFSR in 1990. According to him, we will try to trace the dynamics of development of our country in numbers, and simultaneously compare the data dictionaries. Consider the article the main socio-economic indicators, because no wonder they are called basic, and start, for example, the population at the end of the year. Statistics counted in Russia:
in 2016 – 146,8 million people;
in 2015 146,5 mln. persons;
in 2010 142,9 million persons.
in 2005, 143 million people;
in 1992 148,6 million.
I.e. 2010 was the peak extinction in the post-Soviet time, but the natural population growth was observed in 2011 (-129,1 thousand people) and in 2012 (-4,2 thousand people), and the total population increase took place mainly due to migration:
2010 +158,1 thousand people;
2011 + 319,8 thousand people;
2012 +294,9 thousand people;
2013 + 295,8 thousand people;
2014 +280,3 thousand people;
2015 +245,4 thousand people;
2016 +261,9 thousand.
In the Handbook for the year 2016 in the table on page 32 shows that, by natural increase, population grows, and not died out only in the four post-Soviet years from 2013 to 2016 24,0+30,3+32,0+5,3=91,6 thousand. But in the same book on page 82 in the table “Natural population” is written: 2016 – minus 2286 people. If a mistake is statisticians or Russia is once again dying? The rest of the “millions” of the Russian Federation have gained through migration (in 2000, about 3.5 million people) and the annexation of Crimea in 2014 (2.2 million people).
Nice to think that migrate to the us people in search of a better life. Guard only “rumors” about that Russian brains (scientists) and simply qualified professionals (pilots) to choose a better life for themselves another country. Let’s look at the statistics of departures from Russia to the EU and other countries (USA, China, Turkey, Israel, Canada, etc.):
2013 – 9384 people; 29145 people;
2014 – 12326 person; 38957 people;
2015 – 11533 people; 42872 people;
2016 – 11534 people; 45196 people.
Many people like to trumpet the ageing of Europe or China, but as of now we will see Russia moving in the same channel. Look at the number of pensioners in the country:
1992 – 35273 thousand people;
2005 – 38313 thousand people;
2010 – 39706 thousand people;
2015 – 42729 thousand people;
2016 – 43177 thousand.
Of course, data on number of pensioners have very little to say without other indicators, so the picture becomes clearer as a whole, for example, in comparison with the number of economically active population (and unemployed):
1992 – 71905 thousand people (3889 thousand persons).
2005 – 66683 thousand. (thousand. 5242);
2010 – 67493 thousand people (5544 thousand persons).
2015 – 68389 thousand people (4264 thousand persons).
2016 – 68430 thousand people (4243 thousand people).
Life expectancy in Russia in 2016 71.9. The figure exceeded 70 in 2012, just like back in 1987, when he became of 70.1. On the one hand you can be glad that in Russia there are more long-lived pensioners, which the company is able to contain. And able? The capacity of the Russian economy for labour by 2016 has decreased in comparison with 1992 when the number of persons in employment was 3.5 million. The increase in the number of pensioners and, consequently, rising costs of keeping them under increasing pressure on a smaller number of employees. This is what we constantly doldonyat the powers that be, they say, “no money”, hereinafter.
On the one hand I want to know: where is the money? Because seniors are retiring have earned themselves, and to preserve and enhance their previous work was a state (now, not necessarily the state). So, profukali money or pockets to stuff? This question is rhetorical. On the other hand, how the authorities will solve the current “problem” of longevity of its citizens without money? As shown by the trend, the government decided to take the path of least resistance and to increase the retirement age. But if the capacity of the economy, does not allow to organize all the able-bodied non – seniors that will be when working on the labour market will be added to the invalid pensioners? Most likely, they will fall into the ranks of the unemployed. A good prospect for the elderly: the potential pensioner, tomorrow the potential unemployed.
Ie competition in the labor market will intensify and workplace will fight not only the local and immigrants, but also “retired”. If jobs will not be enough, and it always happens under capitalism, it will cause the lowering of wages throughout the country, reduce the standard of living for workers and may reduce the inflow of immigrants. The invisible hand of the market will establish some kind of parity, but on other conditions. The capitalists of this course will benefit: wages drop, until retirement to live out of unit production costs and the budget will be reduced. But a sharp movement on the issue of raising the retirement age any authority contraindicated, so it works gradually, nodding at the experience of the West, but not considering the historical circumstances.
God forbid, of course, is seriously to suggest, but not with whether the moment pension funds have been prihvatizirovat, life expectancy in Russia, according to statistics has been growing by leaps and bounds? But mind me, mind you.
If you talk about other capitalist “joy” – the unemployment, even the extinction of the population did not help the handicapped managers to cope with it and, in General, should not help. The cause of extinction is destruction of productive capacity in our country for decades and the privatization of the remaining. Productive employees of factories were forced to do unproductive work in the trading or financial sector, or to sleep, and to discard the skates. The Russian economy has scolopacea on the side of extraction of natural resources and export them abroad. Who needed it? Transnational capital in order to transform development in Russia in the ever-growing country in the swing of it over the Dharma people’s property, to impose usurious tribute, etc. Why such an “enchanting” the way was done by the local masters of life? To all they had and nothing for them it was not, and is today only possible under capitalism.
A socialist economic system and the planned economy were not sharpened by the World market, and they are not created to meet the interests of transnational minorities, and to meet the interests of the majority of their own country. The objective of the processes that undermined socialist system, the subject of a separate article, but to get rid of the Communist trend in the USSR began since 1953. Ignoring the economic laws of socialism, the nomenclature came with the scientific way of doing things and natural processes of the market was not long in coming.
Economic “gains” of October remained in the Soviet society long enough. Some, for example, the 8-hour workday, breathe its last today.
Part, due to high social security of workers, and in part due to a worn out production assets, and in part due to the loss of economic ties after the collapse of the USSR, many Soviet enterprises after the abolition of the state monopoly on external and internal trade ruined. Some were bought up by the global competitors and started up on scrap metal, but others through blood, sweat and tears of the workers survived. As for social security, the bourgeois regime during the liberal reforms did everything possible to make this a socialist relic to overcome.
Let’s look at the salaries and pensions of Russian citizens in US dollars. Why in dollars? Because today the world’s dominant currency is the dollar and, basically, all calculations in the global market, including in the global labor market, are made in U.S. dollars.
2000 – 2223 RUB – RUB 694,3 is 79.3$ – 24.8 per$ (average exchange rate for the year 28 to 1)
2005 – 8555 RUB – 2364 RUB – of 301.2$ – 83,2$ (average exchange rate for the year of 28.4 to 1);
2010 – 20952 RUB – RUB 7476 – 686,9$ – 245$ (average exchange rate for the year of 30.5 to 1)
2015 – 34030 RUB – RUB 11986 – 544,5$ – 191,7$ (average exchange rate for the year of 62.5 to 1)
2016 – 36746 RUB – RUB 12391 – 565,3$ – 190,6$ (average exchange rate for the year 65 to 1)
Looking at the above figures, it is difficult to say when in bourgeois Russia live well. In rubles, salaries and pensions are growing by leaps and bounds, but in dollars not. According to official data inflation from 2000 to the present, amounted to about 200%, according to unofficial about 500%, and if you count from 2005, 110% and 190%, respectively. Do not forget that since 2005 there is a creeping monetization, which turned the majority of social benefits in monetary compensation, and inflation turned cash compensation into a farce. Few people are talking about inflation in the US, but it exists. Since 2000, the dollar depreciated by approximately 40%. So consider your income, based on the above.
Inflation is a great tool for partisan statisticians. Money is worthless, goods and services becoming more expensive, and along with this “growing” calculated in the money of the country’s GDP! Just enter into the tables every year, new price – that’s an increase over last year. Another thing, when it comes to natural indicators: meters, tons, hectares. There is a huge monetary gains be in fact a penny. Let’s look at the cargo turnover and passenger turnover of transport in the bourgeois Russia.
1992 4.9 trillion. t. km billion pass 681,2. km.;
2000 – 3.6 trillion. t. km billion pass 496,2. km.;
2005 – 4.7 trillion. t. km billion pass 473,3. km.;
2010 4.8 trillion. t. km billion pass 484,0. km.;
2015 5.1 trillion. T. km 530,0 billion pass. km.;
2016 5.2 trillion. t. km billion pass 519,8. km.
Want to give, as an illustration, a couple of figures from the past century. It’s peak performance of freight and passenger turnover in the Russian Federation:
1988 – 6.8 trillion. T. km. (peak value) 796,6 billion pass. km.;
1990 to 6.3 trillion. t. km billion pass 822,7. km (peak value).
There are many “buts”, but such figures were possible 37-39 years ago! Thus the Russians have less to travel around the country, they don’t have the money for it. Travel and flight inside the country is so expensive that, indeed, it is easier to fly to Israel or Greece than lake Baikal or the Black sea, not to mention out of reach for the wallets of the workers of the Primorsky Krai.
Twenty or more years of marking time, of the indexes prove only that the development of the Russian economy on capitalist rails at an impasse.
A few important indicators that flaunts the current government, for example, the commissioning of total area of residential premises. Here bourgeois Russia hits record after record, even Soviet figures 40-year-old behind, but only slightly.
1986 – 72.3 million sq. m.;
1987 – 72.8 million sq. m. (peak value);
1992 41.5 million sq. m.;
2000 30.3 million sq. m.;
2005 43.6 million sq. m.;
2010 of 58.4 million sq. m.;
2015 – 85.3 mln. sq. m. (peak value);
2016 – of 80.2 million sq. m.
The only question is, can the population get introduced feet of living space in the property? Without intermediaries – private banks no. The cost per square meter of housing in Russia in different cities varies considerably, but one thing is certain, where the meter is worth the least, there is very little wage. Exceptions are possible, but then, they are exceptions to be very rare. Leaders of housing construction in recent years, are Moscow and Moscow oblast, in the back breathe them, Krasnodar Krai and St. Petersburg. Even the uninitiated in real estate, one would say that housing today is worth millions of rubles (Moscow – 190, MO – 100, SPb – 84, Krasnodar – 48 thousand rubles per sq m in average in August 2017). And who today receives millions? I think all names can be easily found in Forbes magazine.
In the USSR the housing could get in the queue, but many had to wait for 5-10 years. Think about it, wait, and not to pay big money. Also in the late Soviet Union was housing cooperatives, where (simplistically) people chipped in to build an apartment building, hired his own money builders.
Today, not only that developers are capitalists sell the apartment at a profit to itself, tear up the four concrete walls at an exorbitant price, so still in the process of purchase and sale of interfering with the parasite agents. But You can get an apartment immediately! Or rather, the apartment get a Bank that made a large amount, and You simply will be a co-owner until the debt is paid with interest.
Mortgage loan is an economic trap, out of which not all the strength. And if to consider, that workers are not guaranteed jobs under capitalism, the mortgage becomes not only unprofitable, but also risky. Of course, against the risks can protect the insurance company – another parasite-the mediator. Dropping even deeper, you can see the cost of lawyers, realtors, notaries, etc.
Life under capitalism so it changed the consciousness of the Soviet people that all of these fees and parasitism seem to them self-evident and even just. For all the arguments followed by the same answers: can’t, do not touch or work better and more. Others suggest, they say, need to invest in a residential facility during the construction phase, but there is no guarantee investors there will be no. Build – well, not build himself to blame.
Finish the analysis of indicators of the consolidated budget of the Russian Federation, or rather its deficiency:
2013 – minus 848,2 million RUB;
2014 – minus 845,6 bln. RUB.
2015 – minus 2819,5 bln. RUB.
2016 – minus 3142,1 bln. RUB.
2017 (forecast) minus 1923,8 billion.
Over 17 years of presidency of Putin-Medvedev-Putin (2000) Russian budget was in surplus 11 times, 6 times scarce. If you look the data over the last 7 years, including the current forecast for 2017, the score 2:5 not in favor of bourgeois government, which never tires naive to promise workers milk and honey. What are all these numbers “surpluses” and “deficits” in the consolidated budget? Strange as it will sound, but absolutely no good for workers.
We live under capitalism, and this means that all the “surpluses” the budget will put in your pocket the capitalist class on a pre-established pattern: using Federal programs, subsidies to the regions, the cost of the state apparatus or through defective salaries of managers, deputies, senators and other “Deficits” of the budget will be covered by the workers: cuts in social programs expenditures in the budget; increases in tariffs, excise duty and taxes; hold at a high level the key rate of the Central Bank; foreign and domestic loans. In extreme cases you can always take the money borrowed from a private Central Bank, i.e. to make the issue of money! Looking at what the mass of cash and non-cash money in circulation increased from 2000 to 50 times (714,6 billion RUB billion RUB to 38418) with the improvement of the financial system (the acceleration of turnover of means of circulation), and the real economy (industry and agriculture) stalled on the ground, ie the mass of commodities does not grow in proportion to money, then money is worthless, and with them the incomes and savings of workers.