This mask did not allow people to speak normally.
The middle ages is a period well known for the diversity of corporal punishment. The idea of corporal punishment has been closely associated with understanding the Christian religion. And even small violations lead to violent retribution. For example, for women who couldn’t keep his mouth shut, was invented and constructed a special iron mask.
The mask was called “bridle for the liars” was a “muzzle” with steel frame, put on the head. The main function of the mask was to prevent the woman to speak, so the mask was a special bridle which was in the mouth of a woman and pressed tongue. In some cases the bridle even had spikes so that any movement of the tongue could lead to wounds.
Not only that the guilty women wore masks like that, they were publicly humiliated. The woman in “the bridle.” the husband drove on a leash through the streets, and passers-by spat at her.
It was believed that only through pain and suffering man can expiate sin. The bridle was a form of mirror punishment is a criminal as punishment receive exactly the damage that he inflicted. Because the crime was associated with unnecessary conversations, and the punishment received language.
Thus, the metal frame was meant for women who were accused of gossip and slander. But the problem was that these concepts were blurred in an era when a woman could be burned at the stake by mistake. Most often punished women who undermined the authority of her husband. That is, if a husband mistreated his wife, and she suddenly decided to speak out about it, she was wearing the bridle.
The first mention of punishment, “a bridle for the liars” dates from the year 1567. It happened in Scotland. Were punished Bessie, Talifer, which allegedly slandered Bailey hunter in a land dispute, accusing it of wrong dimension.
In addition to the British Isles, lore was popular in Germany. There design was added a bell to draw people’s attention during the “road of shame”.
Interesting that the punishment only applies to women, of low birth. Representatives of the aristocracy could gossip without fear of severe punishment.