The construction is unique.
[Kaylasanatkhe] the temple of the Ellora caves is the ultimate masterpiece and one of the most impressive architectural structures. It is the world’s largest monolithic complex carved from a single rock of enormous size.
The temple was built over 150 years in its erection was attended by 7 thousand people. The temple of [kaylasanatkhe] truly Grand. It covers an area twice the area of Parthenon in Athens, at the height of its superior half. During the construction have been hollowed out 200 thousand tons of rock. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva, it represents mount Kailash – the abode of Shiva in the Himalayas. The rectangular courtyard of the temple, surrounded from the inside rows of niches with statues of deities, includes a dedicated shikharas (pyramidal termination) the main sanctuary and multi-room for praying.
The [kaylasanatkhe] – rock Hindu temple is the Central structure of the complex of cave temples in the Ellora caves, unique for its size and power.
The temple of [kaylasanatkhe] is located in the center carved into the rock of the courtyard with a length of 58 m and a width of 51 m, passing down into the rock at 33 feet. The length of the temple is 55 meters, width 36 meters, the area occupied by the surface of 1980 m2.
The lower part of the Shrine is a pedestal of 8 meters, the center of which are the monumental statues of elephants and lions with a height of about 3 meters that serve as the basis for the upper part of the temple.
From top to bottom the temple is covered with stone carvings, executed with great skill. It is alleged that originally the temple was entirely covered with plaster of white color that kind of makes it stand out against the dark rocks, and it was called the Rank of mahala.
Instead of the traditional cut in the rock underground hall, like we saw this fee to Lalibela churches, the Church of [kaylasanatkhe] embodies two trends in Indian architecture. At the same time merged surface and underground churches.
The builders of [kaylasanatkhe] first separated the necessary array of rock three trenches and began to cut down the temple from the upper floors, gradually going deeper until the cap (the bottom, some projecting part of the building).
Simultaneously with the cutting of the outer forms created the sculptural decoration of the temple. The [kaylasanatkhe] consists of several distinct parts: the entrance gate, the sanctuary of bull Nandi (symbol of Lord Shiva), a hall for worshipers, and the sanctuary of the God Shiva, surrounded by five small cells.
The main building is oriented along the axis exactly from West to East. Because of the insurmountable difficulties related to the situation of the mountain, the ancient builders had to withdraw from the requirements of the Canon, making the entrance on the West side than the East.
On the walls of the South side of the temple complex of [kaylasanatkhe] located relief compositions with episodes from the Ramayana, on the walls North side – with scenes from the Mahabharata.
The temples of Ellora are open from dawn to dusk (except Monday or Tuesday). The cost of visiting the complex is 250 rupees. *Closest city to Ellora caves – Aurangabad (42 km), there is an airport and can arrange tours to Ellora and Ajanta.