The increase in the number of pollution of water objects and soil with oil products is projected on Russia in 2018 because of the high degree of wear of equipment in the oil and gas industry, warns the center “Antistikhia”.
Earlier in the MOE reported that in recent years the number of major industrial disasters and natural hazards is steadily growing. Risks of emergencies arising in the course of economic activities and global climate change are a significant threat to the population and objects of economy. Over the last 20 years in the world victims of man-made and natural disasters became more than three million people, more than 800 million people were affected.
In areas of possible exposure to damaging factors in accidents at critical and potentially dangerous objects are more than 90 million Russians, or 60% of the population. The annual economic damage (direct and indirect) from emergencies of up to 1.5-2% of gross domestic product — from 675 to 900 billion rubles.
“In 2018, the projected increase in the number of cases of pollution of water objects and soil with oil products”, — stated in the document available to the RIA Novosti.
It is noted that this is facilitated by the high level of depreciation of equipment of pumping and refining oil and oil products, as well as a significant volume of traffic different kinds of transport.
“Saved increased the likelihood of the emergence and development of environmental emergencies in the oil and gas industry (reason: derelict and abandoned an exploration well in remote places, including in earthquake-prone areas)”, — stated in the document.
According to the center “Antistikhia” in 2017 the main causes of accidents on the main oil steel wear and corrosion, mechanical damage and unauthorized tie-in.
In just ten months of last year in Russia was 2475 cases of water pollution, 568 of which were considered extremely high. They include excessive concentrations of 1.23 thousand times for hydrogen sulfide and sulfides in the lake Otradnoe in the Nizhny Novgorod region and exceeding the MPC 756 times for copper ions in the river Bottom Suzun in Novosibirsk region.