As you know, over 70% of our used plastics is not recycled, and a lot of these plastic waste washed from the beaches into the oceans or into the rivers from the streets. According to experts, the oceans are currently swims almost 5 trillion. the plastic things.
The bulk of the plastic is easy to see, but there is another kind of plastic that seeps into our ecosystem, which is not easy to discern. It is micro-particles of plastics, or small particles and fibers of plastic smaller than 5 millimeters.
Initially, microparticles were formed as a result of physical crushing of larger pieces of plastic – plastic bags, packing products or ropes. But recently there has been a growth in the production of microplastic, for example, granules, powder, plastics and household or industrial abrasives, experts say FAO. This phenomenon has led to increased proliferation of plastics in the environment and in our oceans.
Micro-particles of plastics are already found in various types of food products (i.e., beer, honey and table salt). However, research is mainly devoted to the study of micro-particles of plastics in the seafood reports “КазахЗерно.kz”. Although a fillet of fish and large fish are the main types of consumed fish products are not a significant source of micro-particles of plastics, because of the inside, which mainly find and microparticles in food hardly go. But the types of small fish, crustaceans and molluscs are often eaten whole. They also represent the main concerns when we talk about the risk of revenues from food in our body of microparticles and related plastic chemicals. While the consequences to human health from micro-particles of plastics seem insignificant. However, further research is needed.
Regardless of their results, we already know that the us consumption of plastics is increasing and that they cause harm to marine organisms. Dolphins and whales fall into an abandoned plastic net; the turtles eat plastic bags and die from clogged digestive system. Marine animals are dying in our garbage.
Catalyzing sustainability of oceans, rivers, fisheries, and fish farming is one of the priorities of FAO. It is estimated that 10 to 12% of the world population depends on fisheries and aquaculture as livelihood. Per capita fish consumption increased from 10 kg in 1960-ies up to 20 kg in 2016, which means that the demand for seafood growing, even though those resources will be a big danger. Is it worth the convenience in the use of plastics of the future of our oceans and marine life?
Food security in the future depends on many factors, including reducing the use of plastic. We all need safe, healthy and nutritious food, and fish is an important component of healthy nutrition and food security worldwide.