As indicated in yesterday’s FAO report, on average, 60% of local breeds of livestock are under threat of extinction in 70 countries that had information about the risk status. In particular, in the world of 7155 local livestock breeds (i.e. breeds occurring only in one country – IA “КазахЗерно.kz”) the 1940 under the threat of extinction.
Examples include cattle of Fogera in Ethiopia or goat Gembrong in Bali.
However, this percentage may be even higher, because two thirds of local breeds of cattle, especially in the middle East, Africa and Asia, there are no data on the state of risk for animals, experts say.
The report also warns “the lack of progress in the conservation of animal genetic resources, noting that current efforts to preserve these resources are insufficient.” For example, the world stored enough genetic material that would restore the breed in case of extinction, only less than one percent of local breeds of animals.
The status of conservation of plant genetic material is somewhat better.
At the end of 2018, global stocks of genetic materials of plants were preserved in gene banks in 99 countries and 17 regional and international centers, in which there were 5.3 million samples, almost three percent more than in the previous year. However, it is mainly associated with the migration of existing materials to better store and not a reflection of the added diversity of resources.
Efforts to ensure diversity of crops is still insufficient, especially in relation to wild relatives of crops, wild food plants and neglected and underutilized species of crops.