One of the types can give out current up to 860 volts.
Scientists have studied the molecular data and conducted the analysis of morphology and found that electric eels, three different species and not one, as was considered before. One of the types can give out current up to 860 volts, making it the most powerful generator of bio-electricity of the known, reported the online edition of the Chronicle.info with reference to zn.ua.
Electric eels have special organs that allow them to produce current. It can be strong, to stun victims, or poor, communication between individuals and navigation in troubled waters.
Carl Linnaeus described the electric eel 250 years ago. Given that electric eels live in the Amazon basin, European researchers, they have long been inaccessible. It was believed that the genus Electrophorus is only one view and it is already known.
Now Carlos David de Santana (Carlos David de Santana) and his colleagues from the National Museum of natural history in Washington examined 107 individuals electric eels caught in different parts of the habitat of this fish. It turned out that the electric eel presented not one but three types.
Scientists were able to separate acne and the strength of their shocks. It turned out that the maximum stress give members of the species Electrophorus voltai, it reaches up to 860 volts. This value makes E. voltai most potent source of bio-electricity currently known. From Electrophorus varii blow weaker to 572 volts. Finally, the voltage, which generates a “normal” Electrophorus electricus, is a maximum of 480 volts. The authors hope that further comparison of the genomes of electric eels among themselves and with other fish to clarify the origin and evolution of powerful electric organs of these fish.