Now the disease can be prevented.
In stroke (cerebrovascular accidents) in certain parts of the brain blood flow reduces or stops. There are two types of strokes.
Ischemic stroke (cerebral circulation in ischemic type) happens when a blood clot blocks an artery or capillary in the brain, 80% of strokes are ischemic. The second type of stroke hemorrhagic (disorders of cerebral circulation in hemorrhagic type) occurs when a brain blood vessel bursts and bleeding occurs.
In both cases, the cells of the damaged area of the brain stops receiving oxygen and the necessary nutrients in sufficient quantity and begin to die. Because of this a person loses the ability to move, to speak, to see, to breathe.
Stroke is the second (after coronary heart disease) leading cause of death in many countries. One-fifth of patients after a stroke, become a severe disabilities. But many consequences can be prevented if the time to call the doctor.
The first 3-6 hours after stroke is a “therapeutic window” — the time at which medical assistance is most effective.
Sometimes people don’t immediately notice that something is wrong, or thinks that the discomfort will go away. Because of this, precious time is lost. Therefore, it is important to know what a stroke looks like and what it can do.
The main signs of a stroke
1. A sudden and strong headache.
2. The person loses consciousness.
3. Impaired balance, gait is unsteady.
4. Numbs part of the body on the one hand, for example half of the face.
5. There was a problem with it: it’s hard to pronounce the words.
6. Lost vision in one eye or in both.
How exactly to understand what is a stroke
Ask the person to follow a few simple steps:
Smile. If a person can’t smile or smile goes lopsided (but before such was not), sound an alarm.
To speak. Ask the person to repeat a simple sentence or tell a poem. After a stroke, impaired articulation, speech becomes slurred.
His tongue hanging out. If a person cannot do if the language involuntarily deviates to one side or looks skosobochennoy, it is a stroke.
To evenly raise the two hands. The stroke person will not be able to manage equally well with both hands.
To raise the hands in front of you and close your eyes. If one arm falls involuntarily, this is a sign of a stroke.
To write SMS. Researchers at the hospital of Henry Ford noticed that patients who have no other signs of a stroke, can’t print a coherent message: write a meaningless set of words without noticing it.
If a person has not coped with at least one of the tasks, enough to act immediately.
For a start, call an ambulance. Be sure to describe why you suspect a stroke: sharp began a headache, the person has lost consciousness or equilibrium. Tell us what could make the patient can’t smile, can’t raise two hands, not utters words.
In stroke as soon as possible need help of professionals.
After calling the ambulance, lay the person on the cushion, the elevation should begin from the shoulder blades. Ensure access of fresh air: open the window or door in the room, loosen tight clothing.
Don’t let water and food because the function of organs can be compromised, person will be difficult to swallow.
If possible, measure the blood pressure. At elevated give the people the drug to lower the pressure, which he usually takes. If such tablets are not, do not give anything.