Cardiovascular disease often develops almost asymptomatic and the patient learns of the problem when the pathology has gone too far.
Therefore, even seemingly healthy people after the age of 40 it is important to regularly measure blood pressure, to control the level of cholesterol in the blood and carry out ECGs. In addition, cardiovascular diseases may signal some external things to pay attention to.
A diagonal crease in your earlobes, or “sign of Frank.”
In 1973, an American doctor Sanders Frank noticed that in young patients with angina on the lobes of the ears often fold extending from the tragus to the edge of the lobe at an angle of 45 degrees. Since then, more than forty studies have shown a link between a diagonal crease on the ear lobes, and increased risk of atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction and stroke. The reasons this connection is not clear: some believe that the case in poor blood flow to the ear lobes in people with cardiovascular problems, others that the basis of a common genetic factor.
Another external sign of high risk cardiovascular pathology – xanthomas. It is a skin growths of yellow color on the eyelids, buttocks, thighs, elbows. Themselves xanthomas are harmless, but indicate the presence of internal pathology. Small papules are cutaneous manifestations of very high triglycerides,larger – the result of the accumulation of cholesterol. Xanthomas most often occur in people with genetically determined hypercholesterolemia – high levels of low density lipoproteins, which leads to the development of atherosclerosis and, consequently, different cardiovascular diseases.
Fingers as drum sticks
Thickening of the terminal phalanges of the fingers as a manifestation of heart problems described by Hippocrates in the V century BC It is painless and develops symmetrically on both hands.Thickening occurs due to overgrowth of the nail plate, which is connected with violation of blood supply to the fingertips and the attempts of cells by razrastaniami the situation.
Curved clouding the periphery of the cornea
Deposits of fatty substances can occur in the eyes. In this case, the person has a grayish line (ring-shaped clouding) on the periphery of the cornea, separated from the other sections. This symptom is called “arcus senilis”, it is most common in older people but can occur at a young age and even be congenital. Curved clouding the periphery of the cornea is observed in approximately 45% of people older than 40 years, among those older than 60 years, this figure reaches 70%. Arcus senilis doesn’t affect vision, but are associated with risk of coronary heart disease.
Gum disease and tooth loss
The state of the mouth is a predictor of the cardiovascular system. The mucous membrane of the mouth and teeth are always a multitude of different microorganisms. With the dominance of pathogenic bacteria could be a risk of penetration into the bloodstream and the occurrence of inflammatory processes in the walls of blood vessels, which leads to the development of cardiovascular diseases. According to studies, tooth loss and gum disease (periodontitis) is a marker of cardiac pathology.
Cyanosis of the lips
The lip color can tell a lot about the state of the cardiovascular system. Normal lips should be red, but in violation of the functions of the heart, when tissues do not receive sufficient amounts of blood, rich in oxygen, the lips can acquire a bluish tinge (cyanosis). Lips can turn blue from the cold or at high altitude, but in these cases they re-flushed with the normalization conditions.
Any of these symptoms are not a cause for self-diagnosis and self-medication. If in any doubt about the presence of cardiovascular problems should consult a doctor.