Expert in the development of the sector of water supply and sanitation, the Russian Federation, member of the Public Council of ANO “Public forum “Ecology” Igor Efremov is one of the main initiators of the development of measures for technical regulation of safety issues of water supply and sanitation in Russia.In his opinion, the situation in the water and wastewater industry in our country is able to significantly improve only strict government regulation.
The arguments of the expert is supported by substantial reason. So, in the beginning of September on the website of the Ministry of natural resources and ecology of the Russian Federation published a draft of the state report “On condition and protection of the environment of the Russian Federation to 2018”. In posted on the Agency’s website, the document States that in 2018 the share of the population of all settlements of the Russian Federation, drinking water, appropriate hygienic standards, in comparison with indicators of the 2017 decreased by 0.12 %.
“We see the obvious stagnation, – commented Igor Efremov. – Even in comparison with 2013, the increase in the number of Russians with high quality water, was only 2.94 per cent. It’s for five years. Moreover, as indicated in the draft report Ministry of natural resources, the share of dysfunctional water samples for parasitological indicator in 2018 71.4% higher than in 2017 of the year.”
In the published paper reported, in particular, that in the Nenets Autonomous district, Republic of Khakassia, Tomsk region, the Republic of Dagestan, Karachay-Cherkess Republic, Murmansk region and Republic of Kalmykia, water supply network did not meet the requirements of sanitary legislation in 50% of cases.
Priority pollutants are silicon, lithium, chlorine, sodium, chloroform, magnesium, boron, manganese, strontium, sulfides and hydrogen sulfide.
It is further observed that the formation of additional cases of morbidity associated with poor water quality and increasing levels of health risks in water factor (carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risks of chronic exposure) makes contamination of drinking water with chlorine and organochlorine compounds, ammonia and ammonium-ion, compounds of iron, manganese, arsenic, Nickel, copper, and microbiological water pollution.
Igor Efremov stressed that, despite significant investment in the framework of the Federal target program “Clean water”, aimed at improving the water supply of the Russians, this goal risks not to be achieved. The fact that the main emphasis in the programme is made on water treatment and upgrading of water supply networks is made by a residual principle. According to experts, this fact can negate all the efforts so as to transport well-cleaned and also expensive drinking quality water may be subjected to secondary contamination, and through holes in the dilapidated network can be lost to half of its volume.
“In the framework of inter-Agency sectoral working group we are actively working on the development of legislative measures technical regulation in the sector of water supply and sanitation of the Russian Federation, – says Igor Efremov. – This question is worked out in detail at the state level with the support of the state Duma of the Russian Federation, with the participation of the Ministry of industry and trade of the Russian Federation and the Ministry of the Russian Federation, research and industry organizations, expert communities, and various manufacturers of pipes and fittings. Rostekhnadzor has already supported our initiative. Soon waiting for a response from the Ministry of construction. In parallel, development of specific mechanisms of legislative consolidation of necessary control measures”.
So, for example, discusses the introduction of the Federal law of the Russian Federation dated 30 December 2009 No. 384-FZ “Technical regulations on safety of buildings and constructions” changes relating to security of water supply and sanitation. Through this should be set to a common safety requirements for networks in centralized systems of cold water supply and drainage (sewer) to ensure their functional safety at all stages of the life cycle. Must also be approved by the common safety requirements for materials and products (raw materials for the manufacture of pipes, valves, wells, etc.).
By improving the quality of design, construction and operation of water supply and sanitation will be achieved improve reliability and durability of pipeline networks, reducing the cost of maintenance, reduce accidents at the facilities and to prevent injury from the use of counterfeit and adulterated pipes. It is a necessary condition to provide a truly high quality supply the Russians with clean drinking water.