Compared with the year 2016, in 2017 net migration of Russia in the exchange with Belarus increased 4.5 times. This is the highest rate of influx of migrants into Russia from the countries of the world.
In General, according to the operational records for January to December 2017, the migration growth of Russia’s population was declining due to the population exchange with the CIS countries as a whole. Net migration amounted to 203,4 thousand people, which is 20% less than for January-December 2016. This is stated in the study “Migration in Russia. Preliminary results 2017,” prepared by the Russian Institute of demography, National research University “Higher school of Economics”, writes Thinktanks.by.
The rate of migration exchange
The rate of migration growth of Russia, the leader of Belarus, where the inflow of migrants increased in 4.5 times. In the migration exchange with Kyrgyzstan, the influx of migrants has increased by 75%, with Tajikistan – by 27%, with Armenia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Georgia to 13-19%.
According to the study, migration growth of Russia in the exchange with other CIS in 2017 declined, most significantly in the migration exchange with Ukraine (60% off). To a lesser extent decreased the positive balance of migration in the population exchange with Moldova (-33%), Azerbaijan (-18%) and Kazakhstan (-12%). Decreased migration balance with the Baltic States (Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia), insignificant in its size and in previous years.
In the migration exchange of Russia with Germany, Israel, Canada, Korea, USA and Finland was negative migration balance, but its absolute value was also insignificant.
The real numbers
The study says that all the countries – former Soviet republics of the USSR, Russia in the past year remained positive migration balance. The highest migration growth in Russia in real terms as in the years 2014-2016, was the population exchange with Ukraine – 47,8 thousand people. On the second place moved to Tajikistan, where Russia has arrived 34.6 thousand people, relegating to third place Kazakhstan (32.7 thousand people), which ranked second in the preceding three years. Population growth due to migration exchange with other CIS in 2017 is not reached 23 thousand people.
The results of the migration exchange of Russia with other countries for January-December 2015, 2016 and 2017 years, thousand people net migration
In the migration exchange with Uzbekistan, to 2014, repeatedly ranked first by absolute value of migration growth in Russia in 2015 was a negative balance of migration at 20.4 thousand people. This could be due to the tightening of migration control, the deteriorating economic situation in Russia and, to a certain extent, a “virtual” migration.
Disposals from Russia
The number of departures from Russia for permanent residence in the CIS countries declined sharply by the beginning of the XXI century and continued to decline in subsequent years, gradually stabilizing at a very low level. However, due to changes in accounting rules long-term migration in 2011 the number of emigrants began to automatically get those migrants the duration of stay in the territory of Russia officially ended (from 9 months or more).
In General, the number of emigrants to the CIS countries in 2012 has increased 4.4 times, reaching 21.8 vs 95,6 thousand people in 2011. In subsequent years, the number of Disposals increased rapidly, amounting in 2012 from 1.5 thousand people, who went to Turkmenistan, to 31.6 thousand people, who went to Uzbekistan, and in 2017 from 4.2 thousand people, who went to Georgia, 102, 5 thousand people who left Ukraine.
Most significantly in 2017, increased the number of departures to Ukraine (72%). The increase in the number of emigrants, who went to Kyrgyzstan, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, and Moldova, ranged from 21% to 27% compared with the year 2016, Tajikistan – 14%, in Armenia – 3%, in Uzbekistan – just over 1%. The decline in the number of Disposals was only in the migration exchange with Belarus (-24%). To put it simply, the number of Belarusians returning home from Russia, in 2017 began to wane.