Belarus no longer wants to buy electricity from Russia, because it believes the proposed conditions are unfavorable. About 3 billion kWh per year, which the country bought in Russia, Belarus intends to replace its own generation, much of which depends on Russian gas. After 2020 Belarus should make the NPP with its entry in the country produces surplus electricity that Minsk, apparently, it expects to sell in Russia.
Belarus no longer wants to buy electricity from Russia. Energy Minister Vladimir Potupchik said that Russia expressed the prices do not suit them, and the country will cope on their own.
“We have completed negotiations with Russia on the import of electricity. At the prices which were offered by Russia, we refuse to buy, will replace its own production”, — said the Minister.
In 2017 Belarus agreed with Russia to import 2.5 billion kWh of electricity contracted and reserved another 1 billion kWh In the first nine months of this year the Russian side has supplied to Belarus 2.45 billion kWh, 18.5% lower than the same period last year, according to the materials of the group “inter RAO”. This decrease in the company associated with the market conditions.
According to the press service of the Ministry of energy of Belarus, in 2016, from Russia to the Republic for was delivered 2.5 billion kWh of electricity in 2015 of 2.8 billion kWh in 2014 – 3.8 billion kWh.
In “inter RAO UES” has expressed readiness to supply electricity to Belarus under condition of economic feasibility, including monthly mode. “It should be noted that never in the first and fourth quarters, we did not deliver in this area in serious amounts. Therefore, based on the needs of Belarus and, again, economic feasibility, ready to implement them in the monthly mode”, — assured in “inter RAO” .
“We are ready to supply electricity to Belarus in case of reaching agreement about the economic feasibility of such supplies,” — said the press service of the Russian company.
In General, the refusal of Belarus to buy Russian electricity is unlikely to seriously impact on business “inter RAO”, is not the large amount of supplies, especially as a variant of partial procurement had not escaped, says the analyst of “ALOR Broker” Alexey Antonov.
Belarus 2020 is going to completely abandon the import of electricity, moreover — after the commissioning of the NPP, which is now under construction in the Republic of the Russian “Atomstroyexport” (part of Rosatom), in the Belarusian power system will have the surplus of electricity.
The Belarusian nuclear power plant being built in Grodno region according to the Russian project NPP-2006. This deals with the Russian “Atomstroyexport”, financed the construction of the object the Russian government and Vnesheconombank. NPP will have two units with a capacity of 1200 MW each. The first is scheduled to enter into operation in 2019, the second — in 2020.
“With the commissioning of the plant (Belarusian NPP) will have surplus electricity. We go on to refuse the import of electricity and planned that by 2020 will be exempted from import of electricity,” said Wednesday, Vice Premier of Belarus Vladimir Semashko, speaking in Parliament of the country. “
Moreover, we are negotiating the export of electricity,” he added, without specifying which countries Belarus intends to sell surplus nuclear power.
According to experts, the most likely buyer of this electricity could be Russia. After all the protest from the Baltic neighbors can hardly wait from their party of demand for electricity produced by controversial nuclear power plants. According to Semashko, the government “has developed a program to solve the problem of what to do with these surplus of electricity.”
Abandoning the Russian electricity Belarus still will not go away from Russia: currently, more than 90% of total own generation of the Republic of accounted for gas power. And Russia is the main supplier of gas in Republic. This issue is not simple. Now the formula of gas prices negotiated between the parties.
“Difficult negotiations are under way. But I am convinced that we order the two presidents will meet and go out on technique,” — said Semashko.
To date, according to Vice-Premier, “gas solved the problem half … solved the problem of the volume, the price of 2017-2019 years.” “This year, we have a price of $Republic of Uzbekistan 146.3 per 1 thousand cubic meters and plus, there was some support in the budget of the Republic of Belarus. What? I will not name, let it remain between the Ministry of Finance of our countries”, — said Deputy Prime Minister.
Semashko said that from 1 January 2025 the gas price for Belarus “should be about the same as in Smolensk, Pskov and Bryansk regions of the Russian Federation”. “While this price is on the border of Belarus and Russia with a ratio of 2.06 to 2.08, i.e. two times higher”, — he said.
He added that in 2018 Belarus will receive gas at a fixed price of $129 dollars per thousand cubic meters, and in 2019 for $127 dollars for 1 thousand cubic meters.
The share of imports in the structure of energy balance of Belarus is about 6-7%, and technical problems completely replace import production in own power plants no, senior analyst at the Energy center business school SKOLKOVO Yuri Melnikov.
“Save the import was determined not by technical issues, and economic factors – previously, import was more profitable,” he notes.
To increase the load on the own station Belarus can at the expense of “loyal prices for the Russian gas”, said the Head of analytical Department of national energy security Fund Alexander Pasechnik.
“In Belarus thermal power plants is quite stable, well developed, many modernized, and has the potential to increase the burden on these facilities,” – said the expert. It is possible that instead of electricity from Russia to Belarus will buy Russian gas, he adds.
For industrial purposes by 2016 Belarus consumes 11 billion cubic meters of Russian gas, and all imports from Russia amounted to 18.6 billion cubic meters. Ie even if all of the contracted energy in the Republic has exhausted itself, it is possible that gas supplies will grow for another year and a half, adds Antonov.
Later after the launch of NPP consumption gas industry should according to the plan of local officials will be reduced to 5 billion cubic meters.