They were the prototypes for the famous book character.
Alexander Dumas has often been accused antihistime and frequent departures from the principle of reliability, which many readers were convinced that all the characters in his novels are fully fictional. In fact, in his works, the author captures many of the historical facts and characters. For example, the famous Musketeers Athos, Porthos and Aramis were real prototypes, and in some parts the writer was very accurate. In addition, it is deemed that the author has given all his Musketeers traits of people close to him, and the result is an unexpected combination.
Elite squad created for the personal protection of the king, appeared in the early seventeenth century, under Henry IV. Louis XIII armed with their double-barrelled muskets, and so came the king’s Musketeers. Service in its ranks was considered very honorable, getting there could only be nobles. From the Treasury was paid only a musket, and all the rest of the equipment they had to procure at their own expense: the horse with the harness, clothing, ammunition, and even personal servant.
The musketeer who became the prototype of Athos, Armand de Silleh d Athos d Ottewell (Duubel), was a hereditary nobleman, his father was descended from a merchant family, received a knighthood, and his mother was the daughter of a merchant, the election of a juror. Captain-Lieutenant of the Royal Musketeers de Treville had three times removed uncle of the real Athos, which helped him get into the company of the Musketeers. However, his personal merits this is quite justified: he was known as a brave and good soldier. And he died, too, like a real musketeer with sword in hand. The real Athos did not live up to his literary age, and died at the age of 28. One day the cardinal’s guards attacked one of the best of the Musketeers of the Royal guard – Charles d’artagnan, and the Musketeers have arrived to help him (sometimes even write, that the cardinal sent his people instead of assassins). In this battle, and was mortally wounded by Arman d Athos.
The real Athos gave his book double your name, but in the character of the Comte de La fere contemporaries of the writer saw a resemblance to the Dumas mentor and educator of his son, writer Adolphe de Leuven. All who were personally acquainted with him, noted his standoffish, but however, the reliability and devotion in friendship. Besides, he really was a gentleman by birth – Leven was a count, the son of a Swedish immigrant. But the book name was Athos not Arman and not Adolf in the play “the Youth of the Musketeers” wife (the same Milady de winter), calls him Olivier. The seigniory of La fère actually appears in the historical Chronicles, however, the title of count de La fere to the present Atos has nothing to do.
Prototype Porthos Isaac de Porto came from a family bearskin of nobles-Protestants. His grandfather fled to Navarre from Catholic Portugal, where the Jews and the followers of his faith were persecuted, and became the Manager of the lunch at the Navarre yard – hence the eating habits of Porthos from the novel by Dumas. Isaac was the youngest of three sons, and rely on inheritance he did not, so he chose the path of military service. Whether he was actually a musketeer is unknown. In 1642, he was listed in the registry of the regiment of the Royal guard as the guard company of captain Alexander des Essar of supporting a friendly relationship with the Musketeers.
Isaac de Porto was a brave soldier and left the service only after received in battle wounds were no longer allowed to be in the ranks. After 1650 he held the position of custodian of the ammunition guard in the fortress Navarrans and lived to be 95 years old. The way the book Porthos writer has embodied some of the traits of his father, the General of the Napoleonic wars, which was famed not only for his military exploits, but also cheerful disposition.
The prototype Aramis was a native of Bearn, Henri d Aramis, came from an old noble family. His grandfather was a Protestant and took part in the religious wars in France, and his father converted to Catholicism and served in the company of the king’s Musketeers. After leaving the guard, he became a secular Abbot of the Abbey of barskogo Aramic, so the piety of the book Aramis too was quite understandable – his prototype was brought up in a Catholic spirit, and himself from a young age was fascinated by questions of theology. However, he was well fenced and rode horses.
As a prototype of Athos, Aramis real was a relative of de Treville – he was his cousin. In the company of the Musketeers, he served for approximately 8 years, then returned home and started a family, becoming the father of three children. After the death of his father, he also joined the San secular Abbot. It is considered that the Alexandre Dumas gave Aramis traits of his grandfather – an aristocrat, a dandy and a womanizer.