https://zina-korzina.livejournal.com/profile” target=”_self” rel=”nofollow”>https://zina-korzina.livejournal.com/” target=”_self” rel=”nofollow”>zina_korzina asked its readers the question: “Why have we abandoned socialism?” It would be possible to ask another question: when we generally chose socialism? Let me remind you that the Bolsheviks usurped power in 1918. After that, they no one asked for opinions about the fact, does anyone want socialism or do not want. The Bolsheviks wanted it and that’s that. Who was their desire not to agree, got at least 10 years in the camps, and in the peaks – a bullet. So the answer is very simple: the people of this socialism, the Bolsheviks imposed by force. While they were strong, people kept quiet. As soon as the Bolsheviks became weak, together with their socialism sent his knee in the ass. It’s very simple.
Commercials it has for centuries happened. In the history of the Communist seizure of power was very high. And always they ended the same way. Get here at least Mazdak, who in the distant year 488 perpetrated proletarian Communist revolution in the Sasanian Kingdom. His supporters, mazdakite, worked just as well as acted ardent Leninists in 1917 in Russia: cut all the know and all educated people. Over all from the Sassanids really more interesting than in Russia: in the year 528 comrade Mazdak and his Communist politically literate activists were happy Sasanian citizens captured and buried alive in the ground upside down. Perhaps 50 years after the events someone also asked the question: “why have we abandoned mazdakism?”
Well why not? Just got mazdakite all most do not want. So the Communists got all. And in what forms it is ripping off people by the Communists – it is particular. There are dozens of options you can call. More interesting.
I’m from the late 80’s was a very politically active young man. Strictly speaking, I was in the early ’80s were, but in the late’ 80s just any little bit of rally or procession did not miss. And, he went on all: and Patriotic, and democratic, and Communist. It was interesting. I remember very well the end of the USSR, early 90’s. And also remember very well that back in the early 90s to find supporters of the USSR it had to try. Not that they did not exist, but that’s the way to go in Moscow and to find those who are “for the USSR”, it was an empty case. Moreover. I wore for fun icon of Mao Zedong. True, I still aunt gave that it from China brought. Gold profile on a red background in the Golden sheaf. Well, someone could come up with that on the badge of the Great Helmsman of the Chinese revolution? Everyone thought that the icon with Stalin (maybe that’s why I wore, so to speak, the trolls of others, as we would say today). So here I am with this icon several times in the Moscow metro just did not fight. Because some very concerned citizens thinking that the icon Stalin, tried to make me the icon to remove. Of course I sent them with their insatiable claims, which led to increased tension. Cool icon, I then in one fight in front of the building of the former KGB, the Soviet Union lost (the fight was, however, not because of the icon).
Or this case that in January 1991 occurred. A friend of mine served in the fire Department. To the pumper then Sergei Shoigu have not yet reached (a bit short he had little hands) and fire protection was part of the Ministry of interior. Accordingly, the form they had, as the internal troops. Officers in cool weather, wore khaki coats, with buttonholes of a distinctive cherry color and the same color top cap. That is, the officer of the fire brigade looked the same as the officer of internal troops. So my friend told me about one of his colleague. The one in the form of riding the subway and suddenly he was approached by several decisive view of citizens and said the following: “If I repeat what was in Vilnius, we have to kill will begin.” A colleague of my friend was dumbfounded. In fact, unexpectedly, that the citizens just so the officer of the Ministry of interior directly to the subway started threatening. And were these citizens of the “Democratic Union” and they are very indignant attempt to restore Soviet power in Vilnius in January 1991. There are all sorts of fights were, and at the storming of the television tower troops (still subordinate to the government of the Soviet Union) even killed several people. But I’m not about the Vilnius events, but about the attitude of people. That is, notice how people have hated the government, if was not afraid to approach the officer of internal troops (as they thought) and to threaten.
In the early 90s, defenders of the USSR was not enough. In October 1993, almost all gone. Seriously someone talk on the topic “and it was good in the USSR” was just unreal. Just be a fool to accept. There is some nostalgia? In General, as if cut. The Soviet Union was and – BAM – it’s over now. And no one, except a very small number of people, it’s not crying and did not suffer. Despite the fact that in the early ‘ 90s a huge number of people have found themselves in financial trouble. Even in August 1998, when zhahnul default and many went bankrupt (I know of cases of suicide on this basis), no special mood “for the USSR” was not. No, of course, on the 1996 presidential election, Zyuganov got a lot of votes, but I remember well what the propaganda launched Yeltsin’s PR. They just filled all the photographs of Soviet times and asked people: “you want it back?”. Something like these posters was in 1996 against Zyuganov:
Despite the fact that, again, many more and in 1996, poor living, grocery but the Soviet reality was a memory still very fresh. In the end, Yeltsin and its supporting Lebed won. Their promoters not for nothing the money received. It’s only idiots think that eating is a baser matter. This policy understands that the food (“sausage”) is actually one of the most important in politics.
And again, what I also remember well: the Communist party is not used (like, say, in the last presidential and parliamentary elections), the image of the Soviet Union in its propaganda materials. On the contrary, Zyuganov Zyuganov sought to avoid associating them with the Soviet Union and the Communist party. All sorts of promises for effort in terms of social guarantees and promises “to restore science and production” was, but this rampant exploitation of the image of the USSR was not. Because it was obviously a failed option. Here is a typical flyer for Zyuganov in 1996:
As you can see, even a hint of the USSR no.
But election poster Zyuganov in 2000.
And again, almost nothing about the Soviet Union not like. Yes, promises to improve people’s lives, yeah, on the horizon, MSU, Yes, the order of Victory as label. But no other explicit references to the Soviet Union. Especially no promises to restore the Soviet Union.
Here’s an interesting flyer for Gorbachev (1996).
So it would seem, it is possible to complete the program to include the topic of the USSR. How not cool, and Gorbachev was the last General Secretary of the CPSU, the last (and first) President of the USSR. And the agreement in Belovezhskaya Pushcha he signed. The full scope of the PR for use of the theme of the USSR. But why run it if it’s a dead cow? In 1996, only a few could peck at the feed: “restore the USSR”. Because everything is very well remembered.
Even the Communists did. So far they wanted to distance themselves from the Soviet past that even the sickle in his Communist-like logo made so that he and the hammer-it is not similar, and no Association with the hammer and sickle as what they banner of the Soviet Union, is not in sight. But this is not enough. Background put the book (which is generally ridiculous, given the symbolism of the Book). What is the emblem of the Communist party placed? Well, of course not in order to imply a link the Communist party with the Torah (the Communist party on the contrary an anti-Semite to anti-Semite), but simply order to go from the main slogan of the Communist party – saying that it is the party of the proletariat and the peasantry. Communist party as their emblem declared: we now consider intellectuals exactly the same important layer, as workers and peasants (in the USSR, let me remind you, the intelligentsia was called “layer”).
Here is the emblem of the Communist party:
Flag this emblem reminds very poorly. Incidentally, the designers of the Communist party slightly changed the logo, made the hammer and sickle is more similar to the Soviet flag, and the book when published, already are not the same color that the hammer and sickle, and a little dim, making it darker, why the hammer and sickle looks more bright. Stroke, so to speak.
Who knows cuisine polit-propaganda may say, “but you never know what’s on the flyers, just PR stupid here and used the winning subject of the USSR.” Mistake, comrades. Just PR people are very responsible approach to the choice of slogans and images. Any little thing that can increase the chances of obtaining extra votes will be used. A theme of the USSR – is not a trifle. Today the topic of the Soviet Union in varying degrees, used by many, even those who do seemingly by cash. So if in 1996, the concerns about the Soviet Union gave a little nostalgia, it would be reflected in the election materials. And in fact, we see that the major candidate who could use the theme of the USSR about the Soviet Union, not a word. And the only one who remembers the Soviet past is the propaganda brigade Yeltsin that the theme of the USSR was used as solely a black issue.
In 1997 there were elections to the Moscow city Duma. Among others participated in the election bloc “My Moscow”, which was partly made up of non-party, but the backbone of it were members of the Communist party. Even then the 1st Secretary of Moscow city Communist party Alexander Kuvayev was involved. The so-called “gray cardinal” of the Communist party Podberezkin at first hill this block (but then we went to some conflicts). At that time I was in command of one of the candidates of this block (not a member of the Communist party). As a team member of one of the candidates, I often visited the headquarters of the bloc “My Moscow”, listened to the discussion. Naturally a very important question was about the visual imagery of propaganda. So when designing election campaign anyone then even in a head did not come to use the image of the Soviet Union and socialism. That is all. And this despite the fact that most candidates in General, of course, the Soviet Union had positive thoughts. But kept them to themselves. Fuck no one needed the Soviet Union in 1997, especially in Moscow. Any fool not to have thought to build his electoral campaign based on fantasies of restoring the Soviet Union or reasoning about how the Soviet Union was good. Because to go to such fables of the elections would definitely mean a complete defeat. And without the “Soviet Union” still be a fight.
That is, all 90-e years all left and apparently the Communist party (wild but very very marginal), having full ability to use the image of the USSR and the Soviet past, didn’t do it. Do, because the bulk of the population this way, and these stories did not enjoy any popularity.
The first attempt to use the image of the USSR as an image of something positive was taken in the elections to the state Duma in the 1999 election unit anpilova. And at the same time was used and the image of Stalin. The unit was called the “Stalinist block for the USSR”. Here’s his campaign poster:
Money of course anpilova were few, but a number of such banners in Moscow still managed to hang. In this sense, the joy of modern Internet-Stalinists on a few minibuses with Stalin on Board is ridiculous. Because Anpilov rented billboards in Moscow. It really looked funny. Money, as far as I know, in this case Anpilov gave someone the lobster Race which in Soviet period worked as the Director of the Dagestan Association of railway restaurants (you can imagine what it was to respect Soviet law), in the 90s became the Deputy of the state Duma from the Communist party and founded the “Patriotic movement for studying the heritage of I. V. Stalin”. Here is the lobster Races and contributed to the emergence in Moscow in the Central portrait of Joseph Stalin and the slogan “For Soviet Union”. This unit joined all outcasts, which only in the 90s used the brand “Soviet” such as the Union of Soviet officers, for example. As expected, the “Stalinist block for the USSR” passed the Duma with a terrible whistle, gaining across the country 0,61% of votes (i.e. about 400 thousand). So that was the strength of the slogan “For Soviet Union” in 1999 in the whole country: 400 thousand people (67 million voters).
Thus we can say that all the 90 years the country was without any attempts to turn back and look for something good in Soviet Union. Certainly was Anpilov, of course, was the Union of Soviet officers, of course was NBP with her then-slogans “Stalin-Beria-GULAG”, but it was marginal and political dust. Neither any serious political force is not even tried to use the Soviet Union as the object that may cause at least some positive feelings from any significant part of the electorate.
In the 90s nobody would have thought to ask the question “Why have we abandoned socialism?” Or rather not that anyone in the corridors of the state Duma faction of the Communist party, and not only of the Communist party, not infrequently discussed the why in the end it all fell apart? But ordinary people living ordinary lives, was completely indifferent to what happened to the USSR and socialism, why it happened to them, etc., People looked mainly forward, not backward. Really at the end of the 90s the main attitude of the people, even living bad, was a youthful look before, but not senile grumbling and careful study of his photographs in his youth. Of course there were the pensioners who were just trying to survive, but even they about the USSR groaned. If the Communist party and drew crowds of attendants, not for memories of the Soviet Union, but only in order to promise any time soon to punish all the “compradors” (one of the favorite buzzwords of the Communist party and oculocephalic structures).
So from my point of view, much more interesting question: when did this gained momentum, the process of mythologization of the Soviet Union and the growing mood of senile dementia, which do not give is the ability to soberly assess the Soviet period, colouring it in some suspucion-pink hues.
Of course, this too was ambiguous. On the one hand it is understandable that a great nation needs some nadmorska the satisfactory. No matter how to evaluate Stalin (and his role), but for people in General, the victory in 1945 was very strong and very positive experience. The same strong positive experience was the launch of the first artificial satellite and Gagarin’s flight. The last event that is vaguely reminiscent of these experiences was in the 1980 Olympics in Moscow. But first, it’s not really affected the majority of Soviet citizens (except for residents of Moscow and several cities), and secondly, to the power of the it is certainly greatly inferior to the experience during the flight Gagarin. I was in the Luzhniki stadium at the closing of the Olympics-80. I have chills went down your spine when the national Anthem sounded, the Soviet Union and was inside some kind of proud feeling from the fact that here, in fact, very close here Brezhnev and all the leaders of the country, I saw around me were crying, many adults have when he left Misha and I have a lump stood in his throat and I struggled hard not to cry “like a girl”. In the Luzhniki stadium it was emotionally very powerful. Probably something similar happened in 1945, or 1961. But it’s at the Luzhniki stadium, and on the outskirts of Moscow no special enthusiasm was not. And what about the other cities? But at least something. And that was in the country after 1980 that would have an impact on the proverbial national pride? Yes, actually, nothing. That is absolutely nothing. And what is more, was the economic collapse of the early 90s. In the end, when nothing in real, national consciousness begins to build myths, strongly embellishing past achievements.
But it is not the only one. These sentiments suddenly as a burst in the mid-2000s. I remember very well that year in 2004, although the official propaganda has changed its tone towards the USSR, when it started gaining momentum festival Victory Day (although technically again began to hold parades on may 9 another Yeltsin in 1995 – the first after 5-year hiatus, the parade then went near the Poklonnaya hill) , but still in the mass some really special nostalgia was not. But with the end of 2006, the year she began to be felt, and in 2007-m it was possible to speak: the Soviet nostalgia. In fact, the first entry in my journal under the tag “the Soviets” appeared in the June 5, 2007. It was my personal reaction to introduced a huge amount of sobbing about “Great Soviet Union” and “Oh, how good it was then, not now”. That’s how I began my first entry on this topic: “I Read here on one site once the heavy sobs of “Paradise lost” – that is to say, the Soviet Union. As they say, everything was great, what were the tanks, missiles and free health care”. Another heavy sobs. That is, 5 Jun 2007 I have this theme got the most do not want. I’m a very good feel and have always felt the audience. Even in some 2005 I had no idea to deal with “Soviet nostalgia”, because in fact it was not. But with the end of 2006, I started noticing an emerging stream of articles and discussions about the “good Soviet Union”.
I, by the way, there is a sort of hypothesis that was kind of the catalyst of this nostalgia, as a new phenomenon. Because agree, can be tested highly positive feelings about the victory of his people in a war of a bygone era or for some achievement, but it is not nostalgia. For example, I feel pride for the actions of the Russian army in 1812 at Borodino. Although it is well know that there are many contentious issues, but I these developments are encouraging emotions. But this is not nostalgia. I do not profess religion, “Oh, how I want to live in that era, anything would give just to be there.” And the Soviet escalatory just carry this slogan “I want to go back in time” high above the head. Memories about 1945 or 1961, in fact, are only as seasoning, not as main dish. Nostalgia for the Soviet Union is not the same as inspiration from some of the events of the Soviet period. Nostalgia is a longing and a desire to return to that area or at that time, which is nostalgic of a lost Paradise.
Fans of simple answers, I can say that like people live poorly, directly faint from hunger and cold, so they say therefore, and nostalgia for the Soviet era, when may not fatten, but there was confidence in the future. To this I answer: this is nonsense on vegetable oil. In the early ‘ 90s life the majority of the population (for various reasons) was much worse than the life of modern low-wage groups, $ 100 per month for a huge mass of people was happiness, but there is no mass nostalgia for the Soviet Union is not spawned. Because the Soviet Union was around. He hasn’t forgotten so thoroughly as now,
Why in 2006 there was nostalgia for the Soviet Union? I think the matter is largely in the fact that in March 2006 we opened the site Classmates.ru. And then simultaneously, on the scale of almost the entire country, a huge number of people began to reminisce about “school years wonderful”. Who was to remember? Yesterday’s students? Yes nakoy they, if they have not lost touch with their school friends. But my generation, or the generation of 70-ies and 50-ies of birth was very glad of this opportunity. And raced all of these “meetings in a quarter century” and other such nonsense. Even the family began to fall apart – remember went to the newspaper articles in the style of “the Internet destroyed our family”. School love, school carefree. And all the drunken conversations and memories, all these uploading school photos of the Soviet period and other ooh-La-La and ooh-La-La. And of course it all began to overlap with the longing for a strong nationwide positive event, but still the political establishment, willing to life to secure for itself the benefit of the uncontrolled disposal huge financial resources, I longed for the inviolability of the CPSU Central Committee and off it went.
That’s about something. But socialism as such in this whole situation at any side. It’s just a word-fetish.
Well, who thinks, why all the 90 years, and yet even in the early 2000s, neither of which nostalgia for the Soviet Union was not and hints, and since 2006, she has manifested itself in all its glory. What anyone thought? So too say my survey.