The world is filled with amazing.
The most ancient in the history of the archaeological findings were made in the Ukrainian village of Korolevo, where the prehistoric man, disappearing deep into the earth in 7 layers. The age of some of the found objects is 900 thousand. Although they are unique, not less interesting finds are made by archaeologists around the world every day.
These artifacts are much younger, but are no less valuable for history. Let’s look into the past.
1. Bread from ancient Pompeii
This petrified bread was discovered by archeologists in the ruins of one of the 33 bakeries open in Pompeii almost 2,000 years ago. A loaf baked in 79 BC, and died when the great city.
2. Japanese pregnant doll, XIX century
This doll is not the analogue of a pregnant Barbie, but only a model for visual learning of midwives. The set includes the doll, a consignment belly painted with stretch marks and a few interchangeable fetuses at different stages of development. In addition, dolls were used as the attraction, designed to lift the veil on the mysteries of human life to the educated public.
3. Map of woman’s heart, XIX century
Perhaps the most romantic card in the world came up and drew lithographer Daniel Wright Kellogg under the pseudonym a Lady. As we can see, Kellogg was typical for those years, the opinion about women: in the center of the map — love, it is selfishness and sentimentality, and the coquetry and love of dresses.
4. The coffins of the cave, Arthur’s seat
17 small coffins were discovered in a cave on Arthur’s seat in 1836. All had removable lids, and inside each was a wooden doll dressed as a man. Experts advanced 2 theory. The first is that the coffins could be used in voodoo ceremonies. But the second, more popular, theory suggests to imagine that the coffin is a kind of counter the serial killer’s victims. To date, only established that the coffins were made at various times between 1812 and 1820, but the mystery of their origin is still not solved.
5. “Hidden mother”
“Hidden mother” — the whole genre of British photography pre 1920-ies. At that time, the photographic process could last for several minutes and children often began to cry and crawl in frame. Then children were seated on the lap of his mother, but because the photo was supposed to capture only the child, the mother threw a cloth “transforming” it into a kind of chair. Sometimes this method is used when creating post-mortem photos.
6. Mechanical leech
This device is not a medieval torture device, as it may seem at first glance. It was invented in 1840 in order to reduce the amount of use of living leeches. Mechanical leech cut surface tissue of the rotating blades and sucked the blood with the help of the vacuum formed in the cylinder.
7. Tiger Type, XVIII century
Famous toy is a tiger attacking a British soldier. Figures are made almost life-size, and the gears inside the wooden bodies mimic the sounds of screams from the mouth of a person and the growl from the tiger’s mouth. The toy was made for the Indian ruler Tipu Sultan who wholeheartedly hated the British.
8. The experience of Guillaume Duchenne, a nineteenth century
In this photo, the “father of electrotherapy” Guillaume Duchesne passes the current through the facial muscle of a living person — so Duchesne investigated muscle contraction. He conducted hundreds of such experiments, and made several important discoveries.
The prosthesis was invented before our era. For example, in the first photo just sealed the ancient Egyptian prosthesis of the big toe, but the second photo shows a prosthesis made of brass, made in the 1890-ies.
First appeared in Ancient Rome, lachrymal remained popular for many centuries. An elongated vessel with a narrow neck intended for, so at the very corner of the eye to collect tears. In such vessels the women cried for the dead relatives or who had gone to war husbands. Upon return last wife was brought filled to the brim lachrymal as proof of his love.
11. Chinese medical doll, XVII−XX century
For several centuries Chinese doctors, which could only be men, were forbidden to touch their senior patients. Therefore, for diagnosis used a special doll made of ivory. With the help of these dolls noble woman showed what and where they hurt.
12. The announcement of the sale of slaves
“Great sale of slaves.
10 Jan 1855.
3 guys aged between 20 to 26, strong, able-bodied. 1 girl, Sally, for 42 years, is a great cook. 1 girl, Liz, 23 years 6 months Picinini. 1 man, 52 years old, a good huntsman. 17 boys aged 12 to 20, great.
John Carter, Esq.
Office At Clarksburg, Lewis County, Kentucky.”
A couple of hundred years ago in the US and not only living people sold like cattle, and this ad does not stand out among others, offering, for example, hairdresser or buying used furniture.
13. Mortify, XIX century
It may seem that the iron coffins are designed to hold the graves of the dead, but the cause of their distribution in the UK beginning of XIX century, not in the superstition of ordinary citizens. Mortsauf were made to protect the dead from body Snatchers who illegally exhumed bodies and sold them to medical facilities to perform autopsies and lectures on anatomy.
Resident of the County of Norfolk was attached to the motorcycle company Norton the wooden platform, which, for clarity, put an empty coffin. The man wanted to provide a cheap and quick way to deliver the deceased to the burial site. Over time, other firms have a full motorbike hearses, a self-made instance decided not to use for other purposes, as it considered it potentially unsafe.