A turning point for Zimbabwe


Поворотная точка для Зимбабве

30 July in the Republic of Zimbabwe held a presidential election. The turnout of the Zimbabwean population, according to “the Bulletin” – a publication of the party, the Zimbabwean African National Union Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF), summarizing the statement of the election Commission of Zimbabwe (ZEKE), averaged 75%. Zimbabweans wanted to Express my opinion, although a small percentage of them “were rejected for reasons such as lack of valid identity papers, defacing ID cards and the lack of voter lists”. The Zimbabwean bourgeoisie praised the elections and the Confederation of Zimbabwe Industry (the bullpen) stated that they were satisfied with how elections were held, and wanted them to be credible, because “our integration into the ranks of the world’s countries continues,” said the President of the bullpen Sifelani Dabengwa. In addition, “the African round table of General Directors” – a platform for corporate executives and senior managers of the largest companies in Africa also praised the elections, saying that they significantly increase the credibility of the country among potential investors.

In these elections there are two competing parties: ZANU-PF, which led Zimbabwe to independence from British rule in 1980 and the Alliance-the MDC (Movement for Democratic change), a favorite of the Western imperialists. The biggest faction in the Alliance, formed in 2017, is the MDC-T (Movement for Democratic change – Tsvangirai, the leader is Nelson Chamisa). The bourgeois media in the imperialist countries sided with the Alliance, the MDC, in their allegations of “vote rigging”. ZANU-PF says the opposite – that the Alliance, the MDC calls upon the masses to violently overthrow the government. In addition, foreign experts fear that the “military will strongly influence the vote” in the country. Despite these “fears”, Zimbabweans voted on more than 10,000 polling station, choosing the 210 members of Parliament, more than 9,000 counselors, and more than 20 presidential candidates. The results of the elections was to announce on August 4, but due to the complaints of the Alliance-the MDC’s announcement was dismissed on 2 August. The bourgeois media, said, if the main percentage of votes would be approximately equal to the two presidential candidates, since the candidate must win more than 50% of the votes to win, there is a high possibility of a second round of elections on 8 September.

The two contenders are Mr Emmerson Mnangagwa of ZANU-PF, launched on November 24 last year after a military coup in Zimbabwe, during which he was ousted “father” of Zimbabwe, Robert Mugabe. Mnangagwa described the imperialist Bi-bi-si, as promising to “provide jobs and consider the open economic reform.” His opponent is Nelson Chamisa of the MDC, a lawyer and pastor, who could become the youngest President in the history of Zimbabwe. His program is “the restoration of the destroyed economy of the country”, and he promises to bring the Olympic games to the country. Presidential manifestos of both the parties submitted document party ZANU-PF, The Herald, show without a doubt clear similarities. The Manifesto of ZANU-PF calls for lifting the economy to “average” by 2030 with an aggressive orientation to the opening for business of the country and further foreign direct investment (i.e. foreign capital) and internal capital. All this will goes along with the statements about improving health services in the country. Similarly, the MDC Manifesto calls for “economic growth and creating jobs” with “economic recovery in the workplace”, which includes “large-scale investment in domestic manufacturing and agriculture”. It will also include “fully-functional basic health system of care”, among other aspects. In the relevant article of the Manifesto of the Alliance MDC requires “the construction of the nominal economy $ 100 billion” within five years of the new medical insurance plan. Finally, the Manifesto of other opposition parties, KD (“Coalition for democracy”) requires a “double-digit economic growth” that will make Zimbabwe cost-effective producer, “reform” of the public business sector, work on gosudarsvennykh write-off of debts, and other health care system. Bloomberg, in his summary at the end of July wrote that Mnangagwa is trying to demonstrate its “commitment to restore the battered economy, attracting foreign investments and fighting corruption”. They added that Chamisa able to “reach parts of rural Zimbabwe who have never supported the opposition, promising to “build new roads and Railways, new infrastructure, improve education and health care and revive the economy, if they vote for him.”

After the coup in November 2017, it became clear that the victory of ZANU-PF or the MDC will benefit the hungry of the Western bourgeoisie and would only be detrimental to the Zimbabwean proletariat. Alliance MDC is the successor to the original MDC, formed by the late Morgan Tsvangirai, in September 1999 and since then is supported by money from the West, winning odinozhdy elections in 2008 that led to a brief joint rule of the MDC and ZANU-PF until 2009. As for ZANU-PF, his Pro-imperialist faction is currently in power, and a group of Zimbabwean nationalists, who positioned themselves as anti-imperialists, was purged from the party or they themselves left the party, going to meetings of Mnangagwa and National Patriotic front (NPF) and Chamise. At the same time, Mugabe, at a press conference on July 29, said he would not support ZANU-PF, those whom he nasvet his tormentors, feeling that Chamisa from the MDC was the only option to remove the military government, citing the country’s “constitutionality”. Assessment Mugabe may seriously affect Zimbabweans in the election. However, he has not expressed direct approval, but Mugabe believes that Mnangagwa can only be defeated by Camisas, whom he probably voted. Chamisa had “a real chance to win,” to use a quote from Bloomberg that describes the current process in Zimbabwe. Support from Mugabe became a kind of secret, because Mnangagwa denounced Mugabe and all that he did. For ZANU-PF to have such an opponent like Mugabe, can greatly affect the elections, despite the angry article in The Herald (who was spreading lies about the supporter of Mugabe, Jonathan Moyo, saying he was “thrown off” Mugabe). Mugabe also spoke about various other topics, for example, that he was overthrown in a military coup that his wife grace should cease to disturb the journalists and told the story of the “Blue house” in Harare, where he now lives, noting that it was built by the Yugoslavs in originally planned in the Chinese style, to honor the Chinese assistance to the liberation struggle, but eventually built in a different style.

Currently Mnangagwa only hopes to win, Camisa already announced himself the winner, even before the announcement of the results! July 31, the election results were published in The Herald, based on information published by the CEC. The publication noted that of the 102 “duly elected members of the National Assembly” 73 were from ZANU-PF (about 72%) and 28 were MDC (less than 28%), and 1 – NPF (less than 1%). The entire publication is based on the preliminary results, which were published on the website of the CEC. If the results are published in The Herald will be relevant for the whole country, Mnangagwa would win without a second round of elections in September. August 1, as summarized Assosiated Press, the CEC announced that in the 210-seat Parliament, the Zimbabwean ZANU-PF won 109 seats, the MDC gained 41 seats and 2 seats were won by small parties, and “the 58 seats still announce “. According to reports by Reuters for ZANU-PF voted most rural districts, while the MDC won in the urban centres. This information children against the election assessment Pro-imperialist Newspapers of Quartz, which summarized the survey “Afrobarometer” (funded by Western imperialists such as the NED, the US state Department, the Swedish government and various capitalist funds) stating that it had not decided for whom to vote voters are up to 20% and hope that the British (the former colonizers) will come and save them.”

Shortly after this announcement, CEC, gunfire filled the streets of Harare – soldiers who came to disperse those who started the clashes with the police once burned “cars and threw stones”. The riots began after Chamisa accused ZANU-PF of trying to “substitute the results of the elections”. The streets were cleared by the police, including the use of police vehicles, helicopters and armored vehicles, while police reportedly fired on the crowd, “deleteline shells, water cannons and tear gas.” Of course, Mnangagwa accused the MDC Chamisa and incitement to violence, the fact that he “has already said that he won the election”. Anyway, the efforts of the Zimbabwean police were clearly an attempt to control the situation, possible, to support military rule because the army came to the streets of Harare, and at least three civilians were killed in the clashes. At the same time, it is highly likely that the MDC has pushed for the protests to ensure that the elections will not be “free and fair” and will take place only under the control of the West. The latter has manifested most recently in the EU monitoring mission, grumbling about “the delay in announcing the results of the presidential race” and that “in fact, equal conditions have not been achieved” with the election, saying there was “misuse” of public funds, cases of coercion and intimidation, improper behavior of the leaders and a clear bias in state media, while they acknowledged that the election campaign and voting took place peacefully. Such assessments are important because they can determine the policy in relation to the sanctions imposed upon Zimbabwe in the late 1990-ies, and remain in force. At the same time, civil society groups, traditionally supported by Western imperialists, “apply to the courts to force the electoral Commission to make all polling stations to publish the results” based on the position of the MDC.

Regardless of who wins, it is clear that the economy will suffer, as well as from mismanagement on the part of the Zimbabwean national bourgeoisie, but mainly from Western sanctions aimed at economy after attempts to redistribute white farms to black farmers, which greatly hurt the Western capitalists. It is clear that the West will allow policy changes only if they will benefit the Western capitalists and ZANU-PF and the MDC have a Pro-imperialist position, which means that the imperialists win in any case. Robert Mugabe and his supporters in ZANU-PF had its kinks, but they were against Western imperialism in Zimbabwe that had been hostile to African radiomatinal of the SABC. Now this barrier has disappeared, and the country is open to the imperialist virus. Thus, regardless of who wins, the Zimbabwean proletariat lose, and a new economic structure will create not useless Communist party Zimbabwe, and will be based the work of ZANU-PF, challenging and destroying the Zimbabwean nationalist bourgeoisie.

Looking to the future, while looking back on the past, it is much more productive to be critical, not accepting the imperialist state of Zimbabwe, as some left they have done everything in their power for the global proletariat. Thus, it is important to specify that the United States wants Zimbabwe capitalism without a doubt. All this was made by Mike Pompeo on July 30 this year, who said in his speech about the new Imperial policy in the Indo-Pacific region Indo-Pacific business forum: “the U.S. Government does not indicate American companies what to do. But we help to create conditions that promote good, productive capitalism. We help U.S. companies to succeed, that local community could thrive, and bilateral partnerships could grow.” In addition, you should think about what Michael Parenti wrote about in 2014 that we not only “do not know how very rich the rich really are,” but we also “do not know how poor are the poor” and the rich have much more than “the total wealth of the poorest in the world.” Danny Haiphong, in favor of Chinese revisionism unequivocally wrote: “the Ruling class of the USA privately owns the most ruthless form of imperialism today. For the last forty years the concentration of wealth and profits in the hands of fewer and fewer capitalists have been achieved by a total attack on all the concessions the capitalists made the workers and oppressed people during the past century.” Quote inevitably extends to the Zimbabwean proletariat.

There is another aspect that should be mentioned: the conflict between Chinese and American capitalists. Zimbabwe has a policy of “look East”, that is, they prefer China, not the United States, especially since 1990-ies, and have good relations with China of the 1980s. It is connected with the liberation struggle against the British colonialists and white settler descendants. In case of victory of Mnangagwa or Chamisa, the country could easily switch to the orbit of the capitalists of the United States, but, rather, in the case of Chamisal than Mnangagwa, who tries to balance went on a tour of Africa, promising to protect “the multilateral system of free trade” enshrined in the IMF, world Bank and WTO, as well as trying to expand Chinese investment and “loans for infrastructure.” In the end, they lived in horrible TTC (TRANS-Pacific partnership) wanting greater integration into the global capitalist system!

Although the story of the election is not over, the events of 2 August and subsequent days make it clear that Zimbabwe’s proletariat, it is not only difficult times, but also that these elections will mark a turning point for Zimbabwe as a whole.

Translated By Alexander Romanov


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here